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The Battle of Giants More introspect on Gog of Magog

2020.11.24 05:25 westsan The Battle of Giants More introspect on Gog of Magog

The battle of giants.

In many parts of the world there are legends of giants, mentioned by some indigenous tribes, for example: The Creeks, Sioux, Iroquois, Cherokee, Chortaw, Maya and Aztecs... There is an indigenous ethmological connection of the Algoquins called Walam Olum and a letter written by a Hittitie.
A letter written by a Hittite king refers to an Amorite king named Tawagalawas, is it possible that this is the origin of the name Allegewi?? The Amorites had been subjugated by the Hittites before the Egyptian invasion and may have been one of the reasons for them to leave the Mediterranean for destinations in North Africa, Great Britain or North America. A letter from the Hittite king, Mursilis, written around 1300 B.C. to the king of the Aqueos, Ahijawa, complained about one of the inhabitants, who agreed to be the vassal of the Hittite king, just to war for him. The name of the Amorite king was Tawagalawas.
King Mursillis was annoyed by not being able to locate Tawagawas and assumed that he and his people had left by sea. The root of the word "Og" is associated with many of the tribes that were giants. In the bible the magog. If we abandon the prefix "Taw", we have Og - al - awa and, with the name Algoquin , we have AL-og-awa. "Awa" was a Hittite suffix denoting people. "Og" is clear in reference to giants and "Al" is a high place. Both names could be translated as "The high place of Og", coincidence??? Magog (or magog), according to the Pantateuch, magog would be the second son of Japheth (Genesis 10:2). The book of Ezekiel presents Magog as a kingdom where, in today's world, there is Russia under the government of the Gog, which at one time would rise to attack the Jewish people. (Ezekiel 38.2 and following). According to Fabius Josephus, the famous Magog historian is also associated as ancestors of the Magoguites and known as the Zithias (Scythas).

The Amorite Giants: Related to Magog and Scythia?

Then correlating the Amorite giants, they are descendants of Noah by the line of Japheth who are the Magog= Scythias, one of the many sons of Japheth is Magog. And so the sacred marriage was demonized the 666 became the number of the beast.
The Scythian people, were the people who migrated to Turkey, to Italy generating the Etruscans, people predecessors to the Romans, from Italy went to Ireland. This explains why Ireland is suffocated and imprisoned.

The Apocalyptic Tradition of Magog

In the Magog bible it is often associated with Apocalyptic traditions, it is always demonized. Observing this we are talking about a bloodline, an enemy people of theirs, and this explains most of the wars of ethnic cleansing, including Josef Stalin's murder of 80 million people, it wasn't just killing opponents, it was an ethnic cleansing, it was a search for this descent of Japheth. This may also explain the creation of communism and one of its plans.

Josephus Says: The Great Wal of Communism is Mongolian?

Josephus refers to the magog as, son of Japheth, as progenitor of the Scythios, or peoples north of the Black Sea, ethnicities around the Black Sea, as the Greeks called the (Scythias magogia) Ant. BK. 1,6. An alternative identification derived from an examination of the order in which the tribal names are listed in Ezekiel 38 would place magog between the cappadocia and the "media". According to rabbi shlomo Ganzfried (19th Century), Magog refers to the Mongols. He quotes an Arabic writer who refers to the great wall of China with the name "Magog" which is also possible, and here we can also see why the mongois were manipulated. And we can see communist China and communist Russia. >! Allow me to interject that Genghis Khan clearly states that he is related to Nimrod and a descendant of Canaan-- which would place him and the Mongols as a descendant of Ham and the enemy of Japhethites. !<

The Goths

The Getica de jordanes (551), mentions Magog as ancestor of the Goths, the Goths are Germanic peoples,then Germanic peoples are also enemies.
As in the Brihonum story, Isidoro de servilha (c.635), affirms that this popular identification because of the similarity (Etimologica, x, 89). Joannes Magnus (1488-1544) claimed that magog migrated to Scandinavia (via Finland) 88 years after the flood, and that his 5 children were Suenno (ancestor of the Swedes), Gelthar (or gog, ancestor of the Goths), Ubborque later ruled the Swedes and built Old Uppla) Thor and German. Magnus records were accepted in the Swedish court for a long time and even caused the Swedish monarchs' dynastic numerals to be renumbered accordingly.
Queen Chirstina of Sweden considered herself number 249 on a list of kings dating back to magog.
Magnus also influenced several later historians, such as Daniel Juslenius. (1676-1752) who derived the roots of the Magog's Filandese. According to several medieval chronicles, most notably Auraicept na n-Éces and Lebor Gabála Érenn, the Irish breed is a compound that includes descendants of Jamagh's son, Magog, from "Scythia" Baath mac magog (boath), jobhath and fathochta are the three children of magog. Fenius Farsaid, Partholón, Nemed, Ofirbolg, the Tuatha de Danann and the Milesianos are among the descendants of Magog. Magog would also have a grandson named Heber, whose offspring spread across the Mediterranean.
The Danat tuatha before being considered as tribes, were considered as gods that flew through the sky. As was said in many other tribes around the world.
There is also a Hungarian medieval legend that says that the Huns, like the Magyars, are descendants of twin brothers named Hunor and Magor respectively, who lived in the Sea of ​​Azov in the years after the flood and took wives from Alanos.
The 14th century version of this legend Chronicon pictum equates this Magor with Magog, son of Japheth. In Judaism:
For the classes of "gogues, the prince, is explained by Rashi (Dvid Kimhi) and others as the King of the Magog Nation, as descendants of magog, son of Japheth, who is son of Noah. Not the particular nation associated with them, nor any particular territory beyond northern Israel. In the book Antiquities Judaicas, the Jewish historian, Flávio Josefo identifies magogue with Cíta (Scythios), name that was used in antiquity to define a number of people coming from the north of the sea The Talmud and the Midrash also deal with the location of Magog, and use the names Gytia (Germania identified by some scholars such as Kernam and Sattagydia, a region currently called sakastan, which means "house of the Scythians", the name that Flávio Josefo gave to Magog ).
These Scythios wizards left ancient Sumeria, carrying knowledge from the ancient Chaldean wizards and some technological knowledge, or some technology and went up to Turkey, went to Italy, before the Romans and created the Etruscans in the later timeline, the Etruscans passed on knowledge to the Romans, but the Etruscans left nothing written and the Romans wrote and became famous.
The Romans were a mixture of construction, costumes and Scythios knowledge, added to the Greeks and this mixture generated the Romans. And these Scythios, magog, magis, went to Ireland, Scotland and England, mainly Ireland. In Christianity Magog was Noah's grandson (Genesis 10: 2), the descendants of Magog come from the extreme side of Israel, probably Europe and North Asia (Ezekiel 38: 2). Magog seems to be used to refer to "Northern Barbarians" in general, but it can also be Magog's connection to a person. The people of Magog are known to be a warrior people (Ezekiel 38:15, 39, 3, 9).
Guogue and Magog are described in Ezekiel 38-39 and in Revelation 20: 7-8, while these two Instances carry or hold the same name, a clearer study of the scriptures evidently shows that they do not refer to the same person or events. In Ezekiel's prophecy, Gog is the leader of a great army that attacks the land of Israel, gog is described as "from the Land of Magog, prince of Meshech and Tubal" (Ezekiel 38: 8,11).

7 Years of Tribulation: 70 week prophecy

According to Ezekiel, this was a nation that had security and put its defenses to prva. When Israel agreed with the beast or Antichrist, in effect from the beginning of the 70 week prophecy (also known with 7 years of tribulation, Daniel 9:27 ), Israel could in the middle of the seven-year period.

A Thousand Years of Christ

According to Ezekiel, Gog was defeated by God in the mountains of Israel. The slaughter would be so great that it would take seven months to bury all the Dead (Ezekiel 39: 11-12). Beginning of the Government of a thousand years of Christ. correlating, Cezar de Roma spoke of the thousand-year government, and later Nazism spoke of the thousand-year Reich, and now if we speak of the 4th Reich it will be a coincidence ??? Gog and Magog are mentioned again in Revelation 20: 7-8. The duplicate use of the names gog and magog in Revelation is to show that those people demonstrate the same rebellion against God and antagonism towards him as in Ezekiel 38-39.
The book of Revelation uses Ezekiel's prophecy on magog to show the last times, the final attack on the nation of Israel (Revelation 20: 8-9) The end result of this battle is that everything will be destroyed, and Satan will be thrown into the lake of fire. and sulfur (Revelation 20:10) This is the god of the Jews because he is referring to a scripture and linking a specific people to a specific religion, this is a personified god of Yaveh.
What we have here is who is opposed to this god going from the past to relive the present, the battle that was not fully ended in the past, why gog and maguog remained alive, was to happen in the future and in that Apocalyptic future the gog and magog in order has to be overcome.

In the Qur'an: Yajuj and Majuj

That means to win as a whole, a genetic lineage, to dominate as a whole, all the regions where this manifestation exists genetically speaking, as a screening of peoples. In Islam. Gog and Magog appear in the Qur'an sura At -Kahf (The cave) 18: 83-98 as Yajuj and Majuj. According to Islamic tradition, gog and magog are sons of Adam sahih al-Bukharie human beings, who can be released when a person returns to a city that has been destroyed and they are banned from there, some scholars believe that this city is jerusalem . They would have great powers and when released they could cause corruption in society.
Some Muslim scholars claim that Ezekiel's gog, verse 38: 2, should be read yajuj (there is a maqaph (Hyphen just before Gog in the Hebrew version, which in some impressions looks like the Hebrew letter "Yod", or "y", according to some interpreters of these Koranic verses, Dhu, Qarnayn, the one with two horns, or two ages, who impacts in two times) He traveled the world in 3 directions, which was of a "bad and destructive nature" and caused corruption on the earth ". why Gog and Magog took knowledge and information. And we are now in a process of merging religions and governments, where Gog and Magog need to be overcome.

IMAGES: Where is Magog - Along the Great Wall? Magog Wall? Mongol Wall?
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2020.11.23 20:43 juanteeze The Bucket List of Juan

As a natural free spirit, I’m of the belief that everybody should have a bucket list. I believe it should consist of overcoming fears, achieving once unattainable goals, realizing childhood dreams, taking risks, and doing things that you wouldn’t do under normal circumstances…kind of like having that Magic School Bus Miss Frizzle “take chances, make mistakes, get messy” mentality. Of course, a lot of people won’t agree with that and I think those people are sissies…but that’s just my opinion. For me, I sat down in January of 2013 and identified 75 unique things I want to do before I kick the proverbial bucket. I’ve already completed a few of the following items. I’ll detail those collectively in a future post and the remaining items as I complete them. That written, here is my bucket list as I wrote it in January 2013. Let me know what you think.

  1. Bowl a game of 220 or better. This would be a grand moment considering the best game of my life (166) is more than twice my career average (82.7).
  2. Learn archery. Long before Jennifer Lawrence was picking cats off in The Hunger Games, I’ve always wanted to acquire this skill…for the physical benefits (improved upper body strength, balance, and coordination) and the mental aspects (clear mind and increased focus).
  3. Perform the Argentine Tango with a native Latin American woman in Buenos Aires. Aside from the first dance I’ll have as a married man, this may very well be the defining moment of my life on any dance floor.
  4. Perform the Foxtrot and the Waltz on a date. This is why I secretly took ballroom dance in Tokyo for 3 years…all for that moment to leave a marquee impression. I just hope the lucky lady respects the “lead and follow” rule.
  5. Go sky diving. I’ve always wanted to do it. And considering I know a lot more about parachutes—courtesy of one of my good friends—I don’t have an uneasiness about it anymore.
  6. Go white water rafting. I just want to see what the craze is all about. It’s high risk with the rocks and the drops but I’m sticking to one of the lower grades. I want to complete a bucket list item, not die.
  7. Zipline through the Cloud Forest in Monteverde, Costa Rica. I’ve never been one to be frightened of heights but after a particular incident in Air Force basic military training, I wasn’t really receptive to covering distances end-to-end hanging on a wire. That changed when I ended up by myself in one of the glass bottom Ngong Ping Cable Cars in Hong Kong a few years back. I’ll do a few runs Stateside before I venture down to journey through the clouds.
  8. Visit Red Square. Let’s break it down. A historic city. Saint Basil’s Cathedral. The Kremlin. Lenin’s Mausoleum. The Iberian Gate. Ummm…yeah, for a history freak like myself (I did have a 5.0 GPA in the history division in high school), this is a must.
  9. Learn to say “Hello, my name is Juan” in the native tongue of every nation in the European Union. I’m sure to impress a few of the locals and maybe a few expatriates in doing so.
  10. Visit Cuba. Hopefully, those cats in DC will stop playing politics and get rid of the embargo so I can go and do my 3-day travel thing. But, if not, I don’t have any issues with going as part of a people-to-people exchange. Either that or I’ll give up American citizenship and become a Canuck.
  11. Visit Christ the Redeemer. There is absolutely no way I’ll allow myself to leave Rio de Janeiro without a visit. It’ll definitely be one of my more proud moments as a Christian.
  12. Visit the Great Barrier Reef. No doubt about it, the only way I’ll truly get the maximum value out of that Nikon D90 I dropped a 12-spot on a few years back is to get a shot of this marvelous sight.
  13. Visit The Acropolis of Athens. You don’t just pass up a chance to see one of the most universally-recognized attractions in the world.
  14. Visit The Louvre. I love art museums and I actually visited this one as a teenager. But I was so young back then, still in my “tourist phase”. I didn’t appreciate it. A 2nd go-around is mandatory.
  15. Visit Niagara Falls. C’mon…who doesn’t want to get a picture of Niagara Falls?
  16. Attend the Toronto International Film Festival. I’m a lover of films so it’s no doubt that I’ll land myself in Toronto to attend one. Hey…why not see the hottest film on the block before 99% of the rest of the world does.
  17. Jog end to end and back on the Golden Gate Bridge. Roughly 3 ½ miles…that’s the equivalent of a normal PT run during my Air Force days.
  18. Buy an apple in Pike Place Market. Pretty simple but it carries a lot of meaning.
  19. Visit Disney World. Every kid should experience the thrill of going to “the happiest place on Earth”. I didn’t get that chance in my youth. I’ll get there but I’m likely saving the moment for the 5th birthday of my first-born child.
  20. Wave a flag at an international sporting event. A true fan waves the flag on the biggest stage.
  21. Take a picture of Hong Kong from Victoria Peak. As a fan of skylines and cityscapes, the Hong Kong skyline from The Peak is the holy grail of skylines.
  22. Experience A Symphony of Lights. Once one is done taking that famed picture at The Peak, get down to the Tsim Sha Tsui Promenade along Victoria Harbour at 8pm local and experience one of the best light shows ever.
  23. Make a stained glass window. It’ll make a cool arts and crafts project. Besides, I could potentially create a family heirloom. What’s cooler than that?
  24. Read every book by Charles Dickens. That’s my favorite all-time author. I’ve read all the majors but I’ll read them again and add the lesser knowns too. Heck, I may even buy them all to add to my library.
  25. Watch every movie that has won the Palme d’Or Award in my lifetime. The Golden Palm. The highest prize at the Cannes Film Festival. I’ve only seen 3 of the films released since 1984—Fahrenheit 9/11, Pulp Fiction, and Sex, Lies & Videotape—but my interest in watching the other 26 and possibly more since it is all the winners in my “lifetime” has reached a fever pitch of sorts since my official film festival debut (Toronto International Film Festival, 2013).
  26. Become a better public speaker by joining Toastmasters International. Something I pride myself on is my ability to write well. My ability to write well has translated into me speaking well. I want to become an even better speaker. Eventually, I want to give an oratory address that will move people. Joining Toastmasters will put me in position. After all, their motto is “Become the Speaker & Leader You Want To Be”.
  27. Become a notary public. It’ll probably be the closest to public office that I’ll get…and I get a cool stamp for being one, too.
  28. Meet a Brit soul singer from my Windows Media Player. That’s definitely not an easy one considering that list consists of the following: Sade, Corinne Bailey Rae, Marsha Ambrosius, Leona Lewis, Joss Stone, Ms. Dynamite, and Craig David. Laura Izibor is in there too but technically, she’s Irish.
  29. Meet an MVP or MOP from either of the following: Super Bowl, NBA Finals, World Series, BCS National Championship Game, or Men’s Final Four. It would be extra cool to have an opportunity to converse with the guy about one of the biggest moments in his athletic career.
  30. Make the front page of the newspaper. I’ve been in the newspaper plenty of times…just not on the front. Being on the front page of the newspaper—local or national—is like legendary stuff. Everybody who knows you will probably keep that paper as a keepsake and you’ll have something to tell your grandkids. Hopefully, they won’t get me in under the fold.
  31. Become a CNN Hero. I always said I wanted to make a difference on a global level.
  32. Get an article published in a newspaper or magazine. You think they’re ready for me?
  33. Acquire post-nominal initials. I consider it cool to have initials behind your name…kind of makes you seem like a big deal.
  34. Win NaNoWriMo. 1667 words a day for 30 days in November. That’s it? Well, go ahead and give me my award because 50000 words ain’t nothing to me.
  35. Audition to be an extra in a film. Everybody loves to see their name in the credits. That’s why you see a lot of people stay back at the end of movies.
  36. Drive a Lamborghini or Ferrari. I’m not flashy enough to ever own one of these joints but I’m high-falutin’ enough to rent one for a day.
  37. Leave a valuable contribution in my area of expertise. I left a lot of knowledge, a lot of success secrets, and ideas for future development with those I worked with as I walked away from my military career as a civil engineer. I don’t know if any of that was received and it’s likely that I’ll never know. However, I can use that same drive, that same fire for professional excellence I had as a serviceman in my civilian career and leave a contribution that’ll help advance my industry.
  38. Create a trust fund for my child. I want my kid to have all the things I didn’t get a chance to have. I want my kid to live without the financial struggles I lived with early on.
  39. Find the love of my life. A lifetime of mistakes, bad calls, and heartbreaks undone by a woman whose mere presence holds much significance to my future: how’s that for a love story? Can’t wait to see it in person.
  40. Propose in stunning fashion. The funny thing about this is I already know how it’s going to happen and where it’s going to happen. All that’s left is a lead lady and a period of courtship.
  41. Get married. It’s a prerequisite for a couple of other bucket list items. And I get to kiss somebody’s grown daughter in front of everybody.
  42. Have a child. I want a daughter and we’ll try until I get one. Just kidding…or am I? Seriously, children are a blessing from the Lord and I would love nothing more than to have a healthy, happy child to raise towards being a productive citizen of society. It should be noted that I’m not limiting myself to just one child…just can’t complete this item until I have at least one.
  43. Build a house. Why buy somebody else’s dream home when I can build my own…exactly how I want it.
  44. Catch a wedding garter. I’m willing to bet the moment this happens, the preceding 6 bucket list items will all happen within 3 years.
  45. Go to an Olympic Games. Doesn’t matter if it’s a Summer or Winter Olympiad, I’m going to one in my lifetime. And I’m gonna be there for either the opening ceremony or the closing ceremony.
  46. Attend a national championship game. Being in attendance at college football’s biggest game and seeing the national championship game logo at midfield or feeling the intensity of being in the stands on the biggest Monday in the college basketball season would be a grand moment for me as a sports fan.
  47. Attend a Kansas game at Phog Allen Fieldhouse. 16300 crazy fans rooting for the best team in America. Yep, I’m there. Rock Chalk Jayhawk…Go K-U.
  48. Attend a Packers game at Lambeau Field. It’s like the cathedral for American gridiron football. I need to get an end zone ticket so I can take in the tradition of the players jumping in the stands.
  49. Attend an Ohio State night game at Ohio Stadium. 106000 fans. Script Ohio. A live ESPN Saturday Night Football on ABC broadcast. I’m there.
  50. Attend a match at Wimbledon. It’s like the greatest event in tennis. Hopefully, I’m there when Venus Williams and Rafael Nadal are still good.
  51. Go to Macy’s Thanksgiving Day Parade. I just want to see the Charlie Brown balloon.
  52. Write a poetry book. I’ve written scores of poems of all kinds in my lifetime and I’ve always thought about releasing them to the public.
  53. Stay in an overwater bungalow in Bora Bora. Can you say honeymoon?
  54. Volunteer in a 3rd world country? Going to a place that’s very much likely to be even worse than the place I grew up in and giving my time to make life just a little bit more comfortable would be a great thing for me in so many facets of life.
  55. Take a picture in front of every Statehouse in America. Completing this one means that I’ll have to step foot into every state capital in the United States. That means I’ll have to one day return to Florida and Louisiana…places I’ve long stayed away from.
  56. Collect a postcard from 100 different cities in 100 different countries. This one is actually going to be easier than I imagined…being that I’m a Postcrosser and all. Oh yeah, I’m not counting the United States of America.
  57. Throw 50 $50 bills from the top of a 50-story building in a city of 1 million residents. How many people you know got $2500 to throw off the top of a building in a large city? I just want to see how the people below will react to money falling from the sky. And who knows…maybe it’ll be an on-time blessing for somebody.
  58. Visit every Major League Baseball ballpark. I’m a huge fan of the game and sitting in attendance in every stadium should be a goal of every fan. Heck, I may do it all in one season.
  59. Attend Game 7 of a championship series. I don’t know if there is any more dramatic finish to a sports season than a Game 7. It’s truly winner take all. The intrigue for me is that it’ll be short notice (1 day for World Series, 2 days for NBA Finals and Stanley Cup Finals). Good thing I got a StubHub account, a trusted travel advisor, and a leisure fund.
  60. Kiss at the top of the London Eye. Every London bloke has this on his list…so should every American guy.
  61. Take a date to a Michelin 3-star restaurant. So you got me, a hot chick who’s probably wearing an LBD, and one of the finest dining establishments on the planet…that’ll be a nice evening out all by itself. It would also be the bookend of the dating experience for me being that my very first date was at the Arby’s next to my job at Domino’s Pizza.
  62. Solve a Rubik’s Cube. I bought one with my first ever paycheck in November 2000 and I still haven’t mastered it. Heck, I still haven’t gotten 2 solid-colored sides yet.
  63. Milk a cow. It looks creepy on TV and I actually think it hurts the cows, even though experts say it doesn’t. It would be an awesome experience though. I’ll even wear a straw hat and coveralls.
  64. Walk the edge of the CN Tower. Yep…I’m gonna be all up on the top of one of the tallest buildings in the world, walking on the edge. That’ll be 102.3 times better than walking on the glass ledge at the Sears Tower.
  65. Attend a FIFA World Cup Final. This is the marquee spectator sport experience. Being there for the championship of the world’s pastime is unmatched by any other sporting event.
  66. Ride on the front row of every rollercoaster at Cedar Point wearing a blindfold. Two summers ago, it was a trip to Kings Dominion that I rode on the front row of The Dominator and just like that, the thrill-seeker in me that had been long dormant was awakened. Now, my eyes are set for a trip to Sandusky, Ohio to take on a dozen rollercoasters that carry a “high” or “aggressive” thrill rating. Doing so with a blindfold on adds to the intrigue.
  67. Tip 300% on a meal $70 or more. I remember the days where I paid exact change on meals. Now, I pay 10% on bad service and at least 20% on all other service. Dropping a tip 3 times the price of the meal would by far be a sign of the best service I’ve ever had. Crazy thing is it might happen the same night I go to that Michelin 3-star restaurant.
  68. Visit the Auschwitz Concentration Camp or the Kigali Genocide Memorial. Horrible, despicable, unimaginable crimes happened in both places…changed entire ethnic groups forever. A history guy like myself would want to see the damage up close and personal…and to pay respects to the lives lost.
  69. Host a foreign exchange student. Personally, I think it would be cool to play host to a student from a foreign country. It would offer me the opportunity to leave an impression at an international level and I can probably make some kid’s experience in America or wherever I’m at a memorable one.
  70. Attend every race of the Triple Crown in the same year. I’ll get to wear my #1 suit to the Kentucky Derby, drink a virgin Black-Eyed Susan at the Preakness Stakes, and listen to the New York theme song at the Belmont Stakes all in a span of 5 weeks. Who knows…I might even see history too.
  71. Fly First Class on an Emirates A380. Imagine a 5-star luxury hotel 35000 miles in the sky, moving at 580 miles per hour…that’s Emirates First Class. You get a private suite with a sliding door, a personal mini-bar, a wardrobe, a fully flat bed with mattress along with on-demand food specially prepared per request, access to an onboard lounge to mingle with other passengers…and it has a shower spa.
  72. Complete a 365 Photography Project. This is a mere test of discipline. I barely got through a 30-day photo challenge on Instagram. A 365-day challenge would be heartbreaking if I got halfway and missed a day. But that’s the intrigue of it.
  73. Swim with stingrays at Stingray City. This is the only reason I’ve come up with for really wanting to go to the Caribbean.
  74. Take up residence in Vancouver, British Columbia. From the first time I visited in 2006, I’ve always been fascinated with the city, the people, and the culture. Oh, and I can’t forget the awesome views along False Creek. At some point in this life, that’s where I’m going to live…or at least have a space where I pay a utility bill. Completion of this bucket list item includes the entire Greater Vancouver Area so setting up shop in the suburbs of Whistler, Richmond, Surrey, or Burnaby would count.
  75. Complete this bucket list. It’s as simple as that.
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2020.11.19 23:03 Orpherischt The Basic

In the prime number cipher:
Many of you will have heard of Event 201, which informed us about the coming 'Coronavirus pandemic'.
Rambling Context:
I first began looking into the number 1933 (and thus also 933) because of this novel, published in that year (of which I have a very yellowed 1930's print edition)...
The novel has the frame story that it is a record of a series of dreams by a UN politician, which were confided to the 'author'. The entire book is written as a history book for the school student of 2106 AD, explaining the fall of our current civilization and how our future (and their current) Utopia was built. Critics go to lengths to discredit the various 'predictions' made but in general, there is a thematic arch that is nonetheless perhaps worth paying attention to (ie. exact dates are not really relevant, but the sequence is - it's the changes in the society, and the forces causing them, and in what order, that are perhaps more important - worth paying attention to as political lessons, if not as some form of prophecy or predictive programming, which cannot be discounted).
I have read the Shape of Things to Come twice, both times years ago. After my first read-through, I was impressed and entirely depressed, coming to reflect anew upon the dismal state of affairs in our own time. That things could be fixed if we could just do ... this or that.
A few years later, reading it again, I had a totally different impression. I was horrified at the Grand Presumption that Scientific Order claimed for itself as Shepherd of Man - not so much in the abstract - but because of the inevitable corruption that stains all valorous abstractions. No centrally powerful priesthood can be trusted, until man is perfected - which of course, is the overarching theme of the novel.
I might have to go through it again to see how my perspective might have shifted since the last reading.
Anyway, of the novel ('Europe' can imply all of 'western civilization', and perhaps might represent the entire world), wikipedia has:
A long economic slump causes a major war that leaves Europe devastated and threatened by plague. The nations with the strongest air-forces set up a benevolent dictatorship that paves the way for world peace by abolishing national divisions, enforcing the English language, promoting scientific learning and outlawing religion. The enlightened world-citizens are able to depose the dictators peacefully, and go on to breed a new race of super-talents, able to maintain a permanent utopia.
The book was published in 1933
  • "To Go Viral" = 1933 squares
  • .. "Catch the Coronavirus" = 1933 trigonal
  • ... "You cannot deny it" = 1933 trigonal
  • ... ... "The Infection" = 933 trigonal
  • ... ... "SARS-CoV-2" = 933 trigonal
  • ... ... .. [ "Original Sin" = 933 trigonal ]
  • ... ... .. .. (ie. The Bible is another key Textbook)
The number 933 is composed of 93 and 33.
  • "The" = "Name" = "Magic" = 33 alphabetic
  • "The Word" = 93 alphabetic
  • ... ( "Strong" = 93 alphabetic )
  • ... ( "Bend the Knee" = 93 alphabetic )
  • ... ( "Bend the Knee" = "Corona" = 224 jewish-latin-agrippa )
  • .... .. .. .. ( "Disease" = 224 english-extended )
  • ... .. .. ... .. ( "Soul" = "Temple" = 224 primes )
Wells' predicted war ends with no victor but total exhaustion, collapse and disintegration of all the fighting states and of the neutral countries, which are equally affected by the deepening economic crisis. The whole world descends into chaos: nearly all governments break down, and a devastating plague in 1956 and 1957 kills a large part of humanity and almost destroys civilization.
Wells then envisages a benevolent dictatorship, "The Dictatorship of the Air", which arises from the controllers of the world's surviving transport systems, who are the only people with global power. The dictatorship promotes science, enforces Basic English as a global lingua franca and eradicates all religions, setting the world on the road to a peaceful utopia. When the dictatorship chooses to execute a subject, the condemned person is given a chance to take a poison tablet (modelled on the Hemlock given to Socrates).
  • "Dictatorship of the Air" = "A Novel Coronavirus" = 224 alphabetic
The achievement of a classless society is not via a Marxist Dictatorship of the Proletariat, an idea that Wells completely rejected. Rather, the working class is massively "pulled upwards" and completely eliminated in several generations of intensive upward social mobility, in effect leaving a humanity entirely composed of "middle class intellectuals". The limited amount of physical labor still needed is performed by the world's youths, who undergo two years of "labor conscription" instead of military conscription, which is no longer needed.
  • "Middle class intellectual" = 1,189 english-extended
  • ... ( "Understand the Codes" = 1,189 english-extended )
  • ... .. .. ( "A First Step" = 1,189 trigonal )
  • ... .. .. [ "Breaking News" = 1,189 jewish-latin-agrippa ]
Eventually, after about 100 years of reshaping humanity, the Dictatorship of the Air is overthrown in a completely-bloodless coup, the former rulers are sent into honourable retirement and the world state "withers away". The last part of the book is a detailed description of the utopian world that emerges. The ultimate aim of this utopian world is to produce a world society composed entirely of polymaths, every one of its members being the intellectual equal of the greatest geniuses of the past.
  • "The Utopian Society" = 2020 trigonal
  • "Coronavirus Religion" = 2020 trigonal
The book displays one of the earliest uses of the abbreviation "C.E.", which Wells explains as "Christian Era" but it is now more usually understood as "Common Era"
The 'bloodless coup' is what I reference in terms of 'forgiveness' in this sort-of-poem:
This year is 2020 AD, and next year is 2021 AD
  • "Century" = 2020 squares
  • "1 Century" = 2021 squares
  • "A Century" = 2021 squares
  • "Measure Time" = "Time Measure" = 2021 squares
  • ... ( "New Count" = 2021 squares )
  • ... . ( "The New Son" = 2021 squares )
  • ... .. ( "Birth a Deity" = 2021 squares )
  • ... ... ( "A Rulership" = 2021 squares )
  • ... ... . ( "I am Sovereign" = 2021 squares )
  • ... .. ... ( "Take the Fort" = 2021 squares )
  • ... .. ... .. [ "Ziggurat" = 2021 squares ]
  • "Coronavirus Religion" = 2020 trigonal
  • .... ( "Find Virus" = 2020 squares )
  • .... .. ( "Virus Job" = 2020 squares )
  • .... . ... [ "I'm the Eschaton" = 2020 squares ]
  • .... . ... [ [ "I am the Eschaton" = 2021 squares ] ]
  • .... . ... [ [ ... "Writings" = 2021 squares ] ]
  • .... . ... [ [ ... "To End All Disease" = 2021 squares ] ]
Many understand '20/20' vision as a symbol for clear sight, which we might extend to 'understanding'.
  • "Eye Measure" = 2020 squares [ ruler @ measure ]
Do you have 20/20 vision? Are the small letters on the chart...
  • "Entirely Obvious" = 2020 english-extended ( ? )
Next year you work for the Matrix Architect.
  • "Machine's City" = 2021 squares
You are all being brainwashed to be..
  • "City Machines" = 2021 squares
  • "Victory of the Machines" = 2021 trigonal
The Meat of the Matter:
The main reason for this thread is the notion of the 'enforcing of Basic English'. Of course, this has happened already, for a large portion of the world, in terms of much day-to-day commerce. English is the international language of worldwide Air Traffic Control. The 26-letter English-Latin alphabet is used, with little modification, by those writing many other languages.
  • "Spread" = 201 primes
  • "The Basic" = 201 primes ( "Twenty Six" = 555 primes )
Leaping wordplay, discount it, if it irks you:
Bass Sick @ Sick Bass @ Low Music @ Deep Frequencies @ Subliminal Sound @ ELF
The word 'Low' is an anagram of 'Owl', the bringer of the Wizard's mail and symbol of Wisdom and Fear. They also swoop low to catch their prey. Silently.
  • "Basic English" = "The Message" = "The Show" = 317 primes
  • ... .. ( "Whisper" = "A Great Theme" = 317 primes )
  • "Anthem" = "The Man" = 187 primes
  • .. ( "The Grand Framework" = 187 alphabetic )
  • .. ( "The Restoration" = 187 alphabetic )
The Orthodox is "Formal" = 187 jewish-latin-agrippa
.... .. 187 @ 187 .. ...
  • "Truth" = "Undeniable" = 87 alphabetic
  • ... .. ( "1 Man" = 87 primes )
  • .
  • "Truth" = "Nothing" = 87 alphabetic ( nothing @ zero @ sifr @ cipher )
... and for most, or all...
  • The Writings" = 1331 trigonal ( sapphire )
  • "Shape the World" = 1331 jewish-latin-agrippa ( zephyr )
As they say...
'As it is written, so it shall be done.'
I will modify that:
"As it is written, so it is done" = 108 reduced 1980 jewish-latin-agrippa
I make that modification because of its changed semantics, and to reference the key number 108, and because I was conceived in 1980, and born the next year.
The number 108 crops up in many religious observances, as well as in the orbital mechanics of Sun, Moon and Earth.
  • "Basic English" = "The Rules" = "Secret Club" = 108 alphabetic
  • ... ( "Geometry" = 108 alphabetic 108 reverse alphabetic )
  • ... ( "Full Moon" = 108 alphabetic 108 reverse alphabetic )
  • ... .. [ "Coronavirus Religion" = 2020 trigonal ]
  • ... .. [ "To Gather Under the Moon" = 2020 trigonal ]
'Gematria' is the Art of Numbers hiding behind Letters. It implies 'Geometry of Writing'.
  • "Basic English" = 54 in reduction [ 108 / 2 = 54 ]
  • ... ( "Sun" = 54 alphabetic )
  • ... ... ( "Love" = 54 alphabetic )
  • ... ... ( "Health" = 54 alphabetic )
  • ... ... ... ( "Nutritional" = 54 in reduction )
  • ... [ "Anthem" = "To Heal" = "The Man" = 187 primes ]
  • .. .. ( "The Grand Framework" = 187 alphabetic )
  • .. .. ( "The Restoration" = 187 alphabetic )
The Interactions of the Moon and Sun are Alchemical Keys, being Female and Male archetypes (at the very least). The Eclipse is a Key.
The 'Bicycle' is a 'Two-cycle', and the Sun and Moon have two interlocking cycles.
Time, and Timekeeping are Keys. The Kiss is one of the Great Keys.
  • "The Riddle" = "The Time" = "One Time" = 247 primes [ Open 24/7 ]
  • "Basic English" = 742 trigonal
  • "The New Lore of Spelling" = 742 primes
  • .. "Welcome to the School" = 1,742 trigonal
The golden ratio accurate to three decimal places, is 1.618...
  • "Know the Basic English School" = 1,618 jewish-latin-agrippa
  • ... ( "Know a textbook" = 1,618 jewish-latin-agrippa )
The map is not the territory (the terror of torah), or so they say.
  • "Know Geography" = 1,618 jewish-latin-agrippa
  • ... ( "Symbolic" = "Geography" = 1,618 squares )
It will be up to you to decide if the enforcement of Basic English is to be desired or not.
And it will be up to you to decide if my writings here are aiding the Language Conquest envisioned in the novel, or working against it, or stand as neutral witness.
I am not sure myself.
The word Witness is a Key.
As is, Written.
T H E . B A S I C ( "Enforce the English Language" = 711 primes ) [ enforce @ one force ]
0. Zero.Nothing.Circle.Zero.Cipher.Corona.Everything.Circle.Zero (@ Nero @ Eroz @ Eros)
1. Language is an Enigma (Machine). 'A' is a Key. Either you have a Point, or you don't.
2. Language is a Transmission of Enigmatic Spells, encoding Ideas. There are many 'Languages', but they are Dividing Branches rooted in The One Tree of Language. Division is a Key. Division is a Math-thematical Operation, and the Operation is the Great Work. Division is the trickiest of the basic algebraic procedures. The Monad divides into the Dyad, yet the Monad, or it's Concept, remains. Two hands (or Wings) work better than One. Animals onto the Archive two-by-two. Duality is a Duel that Ties. Breaking News: To Be or not, is a Key. Two Points implies a Vector: a Direction. The Vector has a Direction. The Victor has an Objective. One walks the Beaten Path, or strays, which may or may not be to go astray.
3. There are ostensibly Practical Ideas (needs, desires, dangers, general denotion of objects) and Abstract Ideas (futures, pasts, times, organisms, systems, numbers, symbols, relationships, metaphors). Sometimes the Practical is used to refer to the Ideal, and vise versa. While you might have a single Definition or understanding of a Word, others might have more, and imply them in their works, and if you blink, you just might miss them. ABC is a Key. Trilogy, Trinity and Threesome are Three Keys. Fire and Water. Air and Earth. The Triangle is a Pyramid viewed from one side. The Triangle is A First Surface. It is a Field, Bounded, like a Circle or Sphere, which are themselves expanded Points. Know Family is a Key. Families are made by Spelling.
4. In commonly-known lore, Spells are Magic Enigmas, cast by Gods, Wizards and Witches, characters associated with wisdom, intelligence and guile. Characters that are never 'arbitrary', but rather 'nice' (in the obsolete sense of the word). How many Corners hath the Earth? ABCD is a Key: The Door Deletes Memory. The Cube in which you sit is a Key. Who are you sitting there For?
5. The Spells (ie. words in the Dictionary and the Saurus) were made and then formalized by a God, Wizard or Witch. It is likely they contain niceties. Most people cast spells unwittingly. Mages cast them knowingly. There is no Fairy Tale, and no Fantasy, if there is no Spell of some kind. Spells are Elemental, and thus Particular. 'V' is a Key, reflecting 'Λ', and these dualities of the Sounds of El. Quintessence. The Blazing Star. Five is a Key.
6. The Lexicon might be a Dark Crystal of information in more metaphorical ways than one. The Enigmatic Crystal is perhaps partly broken down, or shattered. The cracks might be found in the division between French and German, or between English and Russian, or between the dialects of Khoe and Hebrew, between Fire and Water, and between Earth and Air. The cracks are how the light gets in [see the splintering of the geometric tongues reflected in the film Arrival]. The word 'crack' is the word 'church' in disguise (and this sort of fluid linguistic transformation - a liquid wordplay - is a Key to the Language of the Birds). The church is built upon, or within, a Rock. A small Rock is a Stone, or the Isopsephic Pebble of the Philosopher.
7. There are perhaps Key Ideas.
8. Key Ideas are likely to be those things that most Awed the Creator of the Enigma: that prompted the Creation of the Enigma in the First Place. And it is likely that these Keys are those used to unlock it - or to align it (or the Perceiver) so that it's Contents might be correctly perceived. Fine Optics requires Precision Geometry. Curves are Angelic Keys. Time Stops if you turn the Hourglass on it's side. Do not Cross the Beams. Do as I say, and not as I do. Do something.
9. The 'Manuscript', and in particular, 'The Illuminated Manuscript', is a Key. The 'Light' of the 'Illumination' is a literal and figurative wordplay, as is the closely related key, 'The Book' (and it's Pages, and it's Letters, it's Contents, and it's Index). Illuminated Letters. Letters of Light. The opposite of Light is Shade. The Shadow is a Key. The Gnomon, or Gnome, projects a Shadow in order to Measure the Geometry of the Light. You are made of Light, yet you are invisible in the Dark. Though you are of Light, you have Darkness in You. If the Enigma reflects you, or if you are of it's Pattern, then so it is with the Enigma. The Brightest Flame burns quickest. The Dark is that which is In Umber.
10. Words (spells) contain Alphanumeric Spectra (ie. Specter, the Digital Ghost in the Machine). That is, they contain enciphered Numbers (data points, or da'at pints). The Number is The Key. These numbers are implicit. They have not been 'assigned' to the Letters in the Alphabet, but rather, the Act of standardizing the Alphabetic Order conjures the Cyphers (Sefers, Serifs, Seraphs, Surfers) into existence. Either you acknowledge them or you do not. Either you see the potential that these numeric spectrum could have been intentionally constructed by act of letter choice, or you do not. The Tetractys is a Key.
11. The Spectrum of a Spell is the set of numbers extracted from a set of cyphers. I argue that those most obvious and intuitive cyphers are the ones that deserve the most investigation, and the more obfuscated and twisted the cipher mapping, the less likely investigation will lead to results (with the caveat of the Theory of Totality - that indeed, the Lexicon is the Monolith and a Deific Mind Map, with information to be extracted no matter the angle of incidence). In selecting cyphers to observe, we consider again the Mind of the Architect of the Enigma. What would interest IT? ... Prime numbers are Prime. They are Primary. They are the Singletons, the Black Holes, the Gods or Titans of numbers. Obviously, a Wizard will prefer them, or at least revere them. The Division of Odd and Even is a Key. Those Numbers that implicitly denote constructive Geometry, like the Triangular numbers and the Squares, and the Hexes, and the Stars, etc. will likely be leveraged as Elemental Tools. The Wizard in Dungeons & Dragons has a Spell-component Pouch (itself a metaphor). 'The Master' is a Key.
12. Knights of the Round Table. 12 Disciples. 12 Labours. 12 Hours in a half-day. Time is Key, and Counting Times is Key, and Counting is The Key. Adding is a Key, as is the Adder. The Total is a Key, as is the Summit. The Speech is a Key, as is the Peak of the Mound of Spice. The Oral History is itself it's own Key. Mythology and Legendarium, and Religious Icons are Keys. Old Canon catch-phrases are Inceptions. The Circle is a Key.
13. The word Lucky <--- Luce / Luke <--- Luccifer <-- Light-bearer <-- Illuminator
14. Accept Death, but do not dwell on it. Nonetheless, Death is a Key. Unlearn what you have Learned, but Remember all of it.
15. The Yin-Yang is a Key. Opposites Oppose, and Opposites Attract. As-above-so-below. If in doubt, Revolve. There will be Drama. There will be Trauma. There will be Dreams. There will be Drums. Find the Light in the Dark. Be the Light in the Dark - a Derk of the Light. The Torque of the Vortex. Speech is a Hurricane, if you are small enough. The Selfish Occultist Hides, while the Occultist Mentor Reveals by making a Show of Hiding. A Teacher shows what he or she Knows - but some would say that Knowledge cometh through Trial only.
16. Innuendo is Eternal. He or She that casts Spells is a Cunning Linguist. The Language Enigma is better understood when one sees that the Ocean of Language is Naughty Tickle. The Best Parts are Hidden, as are the Scariest ones.
...18. What came first - the Chicken or the Egg? As it is with Metaphor.
...19. At any particular Time, to avoid Chaos, some things are (Generally) Forbidden. Reflections are not the Thing Reflected, except when they are.
...20. Zero is the Sigil of the Cipher itself. Adding Zeros is to add 'Encipherment'. It also Magnifies, which is to pull the Eye toward it. Numbers with Magnifying Zeroes are simultaneously stronger and weaker than the reduced form of the number (ie. 20 vs 200 vs 2)
...21. Pirate Jokes are Keys.
...22. Think like the Architect, in order to understand the justifications for his Magnum Opus. If you don't know how he thinks, it might be worthwhile exercise to try and discover it.
...23. The Enigma is a Key.
...24. Thrones. Hours. Watches. Each Hour a Gate and a Passage. The Ritual is an Operation in Time, as is Music. The Liturgy is a Key, as is the Missal.
...25. Two sets of Five fingers on Each Hand. The Power is in your Hands, if you are a Labourer. Snarky comments are unbecoming. Mockery is everywhere. Sometimes it works to your betterment. Sometimes it breaks you down with no intention of building you up again.
...26. There are this many Letters in the English-Latin Alphabet. The World of Words is a Key. How many Letters does it take to make a Logos?
...28. The Mage might have Numbers he actively avoids, driven perhaps by superstition and unreasonable paranoia. Twenty-eight is the second Perfect Number, after Six. The Moon is a Key.
...29. Some numbers will remain Invisible and Opaque to the Magus, until he or she makes a concerted effort to work with them. The Blind Spot is a Key.
...30. Fear not. Be aware. The Fool, or the Zeroth, hath no Value, and yet is oft the most valuable Card. The Card is a Key.
This article might be read as a sibling to this one:
Posted as 22:03 UTC ( "The Law" = 223 primes )
  • "Downvote the stuff I don't like" = 1019 primes 322 alphabetic
  • ... .. ( "The Slaves" = 1019 jewish-latin-agrippa )
The restoration:
Recycling shortcut
New “targeted healing” approach rejuvenates run-down battery materials
Rather than break down cathode material, why not restore it?
  • "A Targeted Healing" = 393 jewish-latin-agrippa 969 trigonal
  • ... ( "Accurate" = "Count" = 393 jewish-latin-agrippa ) ( "Matrix Code" = 969 trigonal )
... while...
  • "Cathode material" = 1010 trigonal ( ode to a cat )
  • ... ( "Covid-nineteen" = "Revelation" = 1010 jewish-latin-agrippa )
rejuvenates run-down battery materials
  • "Know Rune Batteries" = 1717 jewish-latin-agrippa
  • "The Recycle Shortcut" = 742 primes
  • ... ( the Re Cycle cut short ) [ see wikipedia featured article at time of writing, here ] (*)
Just don't do it
CDC Thanksgiving guidance: No traveling, no outside-household members
Agency also defined "household" as people actively living with you in last two weeks.
  • "CDC Thanksgiving guidance" = 1300 jewish-latin-agrippa
  • .. ( "Do not do it" = 407 jewish-latin-agrippa 363 primes )
  • ... .. ( "Time Travel" = 407 primes ) ( "Give Thanks" = 363 primes )
Q: ?
"A: The Time-Travel Warnings" = 2001 english-extended
The golden ratio is easily symbolized using the number 618 and 1,618:
  • "To Master the Time" = 618 primes
  • "Coronavirus" = "To Master the Time" = 1,163 english-extended
  • "The Master of Time" = 969 english-extended 619 jewish-latin-agrippa
  • "Know the Master of Time" = 87 reduced 1,619 jewish-latin-agrippa
  • "A=1: Know I am Time Master" = 1492 jewish-latin-agrippa 1,745 trigonal 76 reduction
Time Travel:
  • "What will I do?" = "What I will do" = 2021 jewish-latin-agrippa
  • ... .. "You will take off the mask" = 2021 jewish-latin-agrippa
  • ... .. .. .. "Coronavirus outbreak debunked" = 2021 jewish-latin-agrippa
  • ... ... ... .. .. ( "A Grand Celebration" = 2021 squares )
  • ... ... ... .. .. .. ( "Covid-nineteen Salvation" = 2021 jewish-latin-agrippa )
  • ... ... ... .. .... .. .. ( "Mysterious Doctor" = 2021 english-extended )
  • ... ... ... .. .... .. [ "Know the Dark Knight of the soul" = 2021 english-extended ]
  • ... .. .. ... .. .. ... [ [ "I am the Eschaton" = "Writings" = 2021 squares ] ]
  • .
  • "What will I do?" = "What I will do" = 2021 jewish-latin-agrippa
  • ... "Coronavirus outbreak debunked" = 2021 jewish-latin-agrippa
  • ... .. "Storm the Government Building" = 2021 english-extended
  • ... ... ... ( "A Grand Celebration" = 2021 squares )
  • ... ... ... ... .. ( "This is Fun" = 2021 squares )
  • .
  • "What will I do?" = "What I will do" = 2021 jewish-latin-agrippa
  • ... .. .. "Live through all of history" = 2021 jewish-latin-agrippa
  • ... ... .. .. "A Rulership" = 2021 squares
  • ... ... .. .. "1 Rulership" = 2021 squares
  • ... ... ...( "Coven of the World" = 2021 jewish-latin-agrippa )
  • ... ... ... ( "The Unbroken" = 2021 squares )
  • ... ... ... ... ( "Heartstone" = 2021 squares )
  • .
  • "What will I do?" = "What I will do" = 2021 jewish-latin-agrippa
  • ... "The Start of a Story" = 2021 english-extended
  • ... ... "Know a Witch" = 2021 jewish-latin-agrippa
  • ... ... "Know Woman" = 2021 jewish-latin-agrippa
  • ... ... ... ( "Mysterious Doctor" = 2021 english-extended )
  • ... ... ... ... ( "Make it up as you go along" = 2021 english-extended )
Sounds attractive.
  • "The Key of Whimsy" = 2021 jewish-latin-agrippa
  • ... ( "The Tales from the Crypt" = 2021 squares )
"Note that there are Numbers hidden behind the Letters of English" = 2021 jewish-latin-agrippa
  • "The 1.2.3: The very confusing beginning" = 2021 jewish-latin-agrippa 1010 primes
  • "The A.B.C: The very confusing beginning" = 2021 jewish-latin-agrippa
The number 2020 is easily constructed by adding 1010 and 1010.
  • "Covid-nineteen" = "Revelation" = 1010 jewish-latin-agrippa
... and thus...
  • "Covid-nineteen Revelation" = 2020 jewish-latin-agrippa
  • "The Hospital" = "To end all disease" = 2021 squares
  • ... ( "Mysterious Doctor" = 2021 english-extended )
  • ... .. ( "The Sacred Places" = 2021 squares )
  • ... .. .. ( "The Souls" = 2021 squares )
  • ... .. .. .. ( "Carry Light" = 2021 squares )
  • ... .. ( "The Alphabet as Code" = 2021 squares )
  • ... .. .. ( "People Speaking" = 2021 squares )
  • ... .. .. ( "On the News" = 2021 squares )
New art-tickles:
Apple M1
Mac mini and Apple Silicon M1 review: Not so crazy after all
The M1 is amazingly fast. More importantly, it's a compatibility slam dunk.
  • "It's a compatibility slam dunk" = 1,388 jewish-latin-agrippa
  • ... .. "Innuendo" = 388 jewish-latin-agrippa
  • ... .. .. "Numerical" = 388 jewish-latin-agrippa
  • ... .. .. ... "Hidden Messages" = 388 jewish-latin-agrippa
  • ... ... ... ... ( "Great Spell" = 388 jewish-latin-agrippa )
  • ... ... ... ... .. ( "The Knowing" = 388 primes )
  • ... ... ... ... ... ... [ "Writings" = 388 primes 2021 squares ]
  • "More importantly, it's a compatibility slam dunk" = 1,666 primes
Q: ?
"A: Not so crazy after all" = 777 primes ( "A Slam Dunk"= 303 primes 96 alph 773 tri )
EDIT 2 - next day *re. 'tales from the crypt' above:
Archeologists in Spain find 400 tombs in ancient Islamic necropolis
This Pandemic Must Be Seen
  • "Fearporn" = 322 jewish-latin-agrippa
  • "Pandemic Scene" = 322 primes
  • "Coronavirus pandemic must be sin" = 2021 jewish-latin-agrippa
The clique:
  • "Pandemic Scene" = 1,369 squares
  • .. ( "The Mighty" = "Humanity" = 369 primes )
  • .. .. .. ( "The Alphabet Code" = 369 primes )
[Ireland] Government announces nationwide 'no homework day' to thank children for all their hard work throughout pandemic
Mockery: a wordplay on the fact that everyone is working from home.
Homework Day @ DY @ Dye @ Dei @ Die
  • "No Homework, Die" = 911 english-extended
  • .. ( "No Homework" = 1,223 jewish-latin-agrippa )
  • ... .. ( "The Law" = 223 primes )
... and we already know that...
  • "Irish" = 911squares
... while...
  • "Work Pandemic" = 1,303 trigonal
  • ... "Coronavirus" = 1,303 jewish-latin-agrippa
  • ... .. ( "Virus Job" = 2020 squares )
  • .. [ ie. the issue of work must be tied to the virus in 2020 ]
Where is the...
  • "Coronavirus Proof" = 1981 trigonal (?)
  • "What is Coronavirus" = 1981 english-extended (?)
However, 'coronavirus proof' is simply an anagram for a 'carnivorous proof', which is to eat meat and enjoy it, so more specifically (and with definite article), where is ...
  • "The Covid-nineteen proof" = 1,369 jewish-latin-agrippa (?)
  • ... ( "The Alphabet Code" = "Humanity" = 369 primes )
  • ... .. .. [ "The Covid-nineteen Mockery" = 1981 english-extended ]
  • "The proof against covid-nineteen" = 1,617 jewish-latin-agrippa
  • ... ( "Know textbook" = 1,617 jewish-latin-agrippa
  • ... .. . ( "Textbook" = 617 jewish-latin-agrippa )
  • ... ( "The Official Narrative" = 617 primes )
  • "The proof against covid-nineteen" = 1717 english-extended
  • ... .. ( "The Occult" = 1717 squares )
  • ... .. ( "Know the Letters" = 1717 trigonal )
Golden ratio:
  • "Know a Textbook" = 1,618 jewish-latin-agrippa
  • .. ( "The proof against a covid-nineteen" = 1,618 jewish-latin-agrippa )
  • ... .. [ "The Debunking" = 1,618 trigonal ]
  • "Coronavirus Religion" = "Carnivorous Religion" = 2020 trigonal
  • ... ( "The Virus: a faith" = "The Virus origin" = 1337 english-extended )
  • ... ... .. ( "Know a Cannibal Religion" = 1337 jewish-latin-agrippa )
  • ... .. .. ... ( "A Cannibal Religion" = 337 jewish-latin-agrippa )
  • .
  • ... .. ( "The Virus: A Faith" = 1,317 jewish-latin-agrippa )
  • ... .. .. ( "The Message" = "The Show" = 317 primes )
  • ... .. .. . ( "Know the Cannibal Religion" = 3,317 squares )
  • ... .. .. .. .. ( "A Great Genocide" = 317 jewish-latin-agrippa )
  • ... .. ( "Depopulation: let the people eat eachother" = 3107 squares )
  • "Let the people eat each-other" = 1900 trigonal ( "Chaos" = 19 reduced )
  • "Purge them" = 933 trigonal 357 primes ( 'Matrix Code' = 357 primes )
  • ... ( "The Infection" = 933 trigonal )
  • ... ( "SARS CoV-2" = 933 trigonal )
Otherwise, if they won't dine on eachothers' flesh due to economic collapse, they will...
  • "Know" = "Killer Injection" = 1000 jewish-latin-agrippa
  • "Know" = "The Security" = 1000 jewish-latin-agrippa
  • ... .. ( "The Injection" = 969 jewish-latin-agrippa )
  • ... .. ( "Business" = 969 trigonal )
  • ... .. .. ( scripted by "Matrix Code" = 969 trigonal )
  • ... ( ) ['Coronavirus Vaccine Trials']
'Covid-19' is not real, but it is perhaps a metaphor for something real.
Certainly it is a means to an end.
  • "Grand Tyrant" = 1337 trigonal 1,393 english-ext 475 primes
  • ... ( "King Returns" = 1337 trigonal )
  • ... ( "King's Return" = 1337 trigonal )
  • ... ( "Crown of Pharaoh" = 1337 jewish-latin-agrippa )
  • "New Count" = 2021 squares
  • ... ( "Dracula" = "To Heal" = "The Man" = 187 primes )
By fighting the 'Covid-19'-engendered outbreak of allegorical (but practical) tyranny, you are fighting a mythological version of me.
Fear not idealogical battle, for...
  • "You are already dead" = 2001 english-extended
A very rare double, for such a long spell, in two related ciphers, :
  • "The Messiah has been put in power" = 2001 english-extended
  • "The Messiah has been put in power" = 2001 jewish-latin-agrippa
  • ... ( "A Quantum Entanglement" = 2001 trigonal )
  • ... .. ... ( "King Arthur" = 2001 squares )
What does it mean?
  1. King Arthur has been appropriated to Christ (or vise versa)
  2. The words of the language constitute Logos (ie. Christ, God)
  3. The earthly tyrants are taking God's Word literally.
  4. The numbers in the spells are telling the government what to do. They see themselves as God's Army. Gematria is the original AI.
  5. Just like my interpretations of the spectrum of the alphabet codes reveal intent and desire, biased by my interpretive abilities, so too the 'Powers-that-be' are deriving Agenda from that portion of the gemstone-monolith they are extracting through whatever methodology and philosophy they've developed to do so. And they are in a position to impose, worldwide, the dictat they think they are receiving (see the C.S Lewis novel, That Hideous Strength, for a literary analogue).
  • "Coronavirus Religion" = 2020 trigonal
  • ... ( "Rulership" = 2020 squares )
The tyranny currently enshrouding the world, is a result of Biblical literalism, becoming a very serious stage play.
The scientific priesthood is perhaps interpreting scripture too literally, and you are going to choose whether you are on the side of God ('The Coronavirus Vaccine') or the Devil ('Covidian Coronavirus').
Are you going to let the Dictionary tell you what to do?
Perhaps you should, after all.
But do you understand the Word?
Q: ?
"A: The World Must Know It" = 888 primes
  • "I am the Almighty" = 474 primes
  • .. ( "The Great Emergence" = 474 primes )
  • ... .. ( "Great Pattern" = 474 primes )
  • ... .. .. ( "Numerology" = 474 primes )
Why Aren’t There More Sci-Fi Movies About Dreams?
In an attempt not to call attention the possibility that:
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2020.11.19 08:31 Caudussn What you are looking for is..... (Link in the Desc.)3

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Traditional Irish wedding traditions date far back in time and many have survived for decades in one form or another today. These Irish wedding traditions include classic 📷 designs. The designs to the Celtic Wedding Rings are rooted in nature came from folklore and superstitions for generations. passed on generations. Today Irish couples around the world seek to incorporate these ancient Irish wedding traditions and Celtic Wedding Ring design in their modern-day wedding as a way pay tribute or to reconnect with their Irish heritage.
Conventional Men’s Celtic wedding rings have intricate details, and the meaning of Celtic knots and designs are very sentimental. While many modern Celtic couples are likely familiar with the story of the Claddagh Ring and its symbolic tradition Celtic knots have a unique variety of meanings. There are many Celtic knots, and each knot is distinctive and symbolic in its own way.
When you want to tie the knot and pay tribute to your heritage a Celtic wedding ring can evoke ancient traditions and meaning symbolic of your love for one another.
The Classic Celtic Knot Wedding Band
Celtic Knot Wedding Rings are a popular Celtic symbol but there are many types of Celtic Knots. Celtic knots are like circles and loops interwoven with no beginning or end. A symbol of eternity and the cycle of life. Celtic symbols are widely popular in Celtic Wedding Rings and in Celtic Knot Jewelry. Celtic Knotwork Wedding Rings have a variety of Celtic Knot meanings representing family, strength, protection, love and more.
TYING THE KNOT... the Celtic Knot
Perhaps the best-known Irish Wedding Tradition that most people don't know about is tying the knot. Did you know the phrase "Tying the Knot" originated with the ancient Celtic ceremony of hand fasting? This old Celtic tradition symbolizes the joining of two as one like the exchanging of rings today. The couple clasps their hands together and a brightly colored cord in the bridal party colors is wrapped around their hands as a symbol of their unity in marriage.
The Celtic Eternity Knot Wedding Ring is A Symbol of Love
The Celtic eternity knot wedding ring an ancient symbol of an interwoven spiritual path, endless love, and friendship. The eternity knot is a symmetrical knot that ties into itself without a visible beginning or end. The saying, "tying the knot" means to get married or engaged originates from the ancient Celtic custom of hand-fasting. In this Celtic custom of a couple having their hands bound together with an endless knot (or an eternity knot) in a symbolic ritual that binds them together as one forever.
Trinity Knot Wedding Ring Design
Much like the shamrock the Triquetra knot also referred to as the Trinity knot was used by Christians to represent the Holy Trinity. Legend says St. Patrick used a shamrock to explain how the Holy Trinity works. Each petal on the clover represents an entity of God. The top petal is God. The other two petals represent Jesus and the Holy Spirit.
Faithful Christians used the three points of the Trinity knot demonstrates the Holy Trinity Basically, there are three persons, each person is God, each person is distinct, and there is only one God. The Christians used the knot to symbolize the Holy Trinity and added a circle to represent eternal life.
While the Trinity Knot Wedding Ring meaning may be unique to everyone, the symbolic design is timeless and a true symbol of Celtic heritage.
What is a Traditional Celtic Cross Wedding Ring?
The Celtic cross is one of the most revered symbols of Ireland and of Irish culture. Few symbols are as renowned as the embodiment of Celtic Christianity like the Celtic cross worldwide. The Celtic Cross is basically a Latin cross with a circle of light, or a halo intersecting it. This cross also known as the Irish cross or the cross of Iona is a famous Christian symbol that has its roots in paganism. The cross with a circle of light emerged in France and Britain in the middle ages and predates Christianity. It was adopted by Irish missionaries from the 9th through the 12th centuries.
The Claddagh Wedding Ring
The claddagh ring is a type of fede ring from Roman times. A fede ring is one with two hands holding a heart to symbolize friendship and love. Richard Joyce added the crown to the design to symbolize his eternal loyalty to his true love.
The Claddagh’s romantic meaning is part of its Irish charm that has made it a piece of jewelry that has endured the test of time. The traditional Claddagh wedding ring is a symbol of friendship, love, and loyalty. The hands of the claddagh ring stand for friendship. The heart of the claddagh ring stands for love and the crown is a symbol of loyalty. The beautiful meaning of the claddagh ring has made the claddagh ring a celebrated romantic gift for people of all nationalities. But none can argue that the claddagh wedding ring holds a rather special meaning to those romantics of Irish heritage.
Each Celtic wedding ring design is unique and evokes a romantic heritage steeped in mysticism and promises of eternal love. Ancient Celts embraced the mystical forces of life and love and demonstrated it in their unending knots, more than just knots. No matter what Celtic Wedding Ring inspires you when you select a Celtic wedding rings, the design and details should pay tribute to your heritage and commemorate your enduring love and faith in your partner.
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2020.11.06 20:01 GreatWyrmGold Implementum Exercises

I decided to answeperform the exercises in yesterday's Extra Materials, intending to post it in the comment section. Then I realized that 22 questions would be way too big a comment, even if I didn't answer most of them with multiple paragraphs. So I'm putting them here, instead.
If you guys want to answer the exercises yourselves, feel free. But I'd advise against reading or copying mine—that probably violates whatever academic honor code is used in the magical world, and they probably take that thing seriously. (I'm also kinda interested in what other people have to say about my answers.)

Exercise: What might be the difference between a square granite slab and a smooth igneous rock?
Granite is known for being an unusually heavy and hard rock, and a square slab evokes the shape of a wall (while being even harder to use). While the negative effects on travel and precision would likely be enhanced, it might have a small benefit when used for defensive magic, particularly of one's demense.
It is difficult to divine much from the label "igneous rock"; the associations we have with basalt are quite different than with obsidian, pumice, or hornblende...or granite, which is also an igneous rock. However, a smooth rock appears more refined and may be easier to handle; many of the negative side effects of a rock would likely be reduced (though not the metaphorical weight).

An exercise: what are two objects that are not on this list that you might consider a close relative of the wand? How might they differ in use?
A club, baton, or other bludgeoning instrument is similar in form to a wand, but with vastly different implications. Association with the Practice is utterly irrelevant, and associations with precision and nuance are replaced with brute force and violence. In many ways, a club implement would be closer to a sword implement than a wand, though lacking the sword's refinement or minor defensive aspect. A baton would likely be a wiser choice, as it is commonly associated with law, order, and "civilized" violence.
By contrast, a deck of tarot cards has many of the same implications as a wand (particularly its connection to "magic"/"occult," e.g. the Practice). Both wands and cards have some association with dexterity (wands through precise manipulation of the tip, cards more through card tricks). However, its form is much different, which changes how it can be used. In particular, it lacks the direct nature of the wand, making it less effective at performing or altering immediate Practice. In addition, tarot cards are strongly associated with a specific form of magic (divination), and the association between cards and gambling may be risky.

An exercise: consider the effects if the item inscribed was a dismembered finger.
I would advise against eating it, even if your friends are in danger.
My first (serious) thought draws a connection between a dismembered finger and the Skull, as a symbol of death; on further thought, I do not think this impossible, but it is unlikely to be the primary influence of the finger.
A dismembered finger is more strongly associated with violence than death—you can lose a finger without dying, but not without some form of vicious and cruel violence being inflicted on you. Moreover, a properly-prepared skull shows some amount of refinement, whereas a dismembered finger is simply a body part without a body. Finally, while the skull (as part of the head) is somewhat associated with contemplation, the finger is must more declarative and immediate, possibly serving as a weak and macabre wand when needed.
Exercise: Consider an early ritual you learned. How could you decorate a scepter to create a similar effect on a regular basis?
I have not learned any rituals (duh), and so will point to the first ritual Blake Thorburn used (awakening aside)—drawing a vestige to him while warding off the worst effects of Others drawn to his crude offering of power. Warding off Others traditionally involves a circle of some purifying or pure material, such as salt; for a scepter, bands of gold or silver may be more appropriate. It may be a good idea to break these bonds with a “conduit” for bestowing power upon those you wish to offer it to.
Exercise: In a brief writing exercise, explore what the spear might be like, compared to the sword. What might the axe be like? What would one gain and what would one lose?
Some would suggest that a Practitioner with a spear implement would have an advantage over one with a sword, that the sword would have advantage over the axe, and the axe over the spear. Of course, since they use the Emblem as their implement, they lack personal experience with such things.
An axe, like a club, would sacrifice the defensive aspect of a sword; a spear might as well, though the spear's greater reach may translate to being able to defend yourself by keeping away from harm. They also lose the sword's associations with nobility.
The type of axe matters greatly. A battleaxe is associated with a brutal, savage form of warfare; a woodsman’s axe is associated with hard labor and the desolation of nature; a fire axe is associated with destructive rescue; and so on. They all share a strong destructive aspect, however.
A spear, on the other hand, has fairly consistent associations. Practically speaking, a spear grants greater reach than either sword or axe, and is about as specialized in warfare as the sword. But spears are specialized in a fairly specific form of warfare. With the exception of lances, spears are almost always associated with commoner’s warfare, cooperative warfare, or both. Look to the medieval peasant, finding an inexpensive weapon that is simple to use and will keep the enemy at a safe distance; by contrast, look to the phalanx and its descendants in the Hellenistic and Roman periods. In both cases, a spear is not the weapon of a lone warrior, but of someone fighting in a group, whether massed infantry or a careful line of soldiers.
Exercise: What is an object not on this list that might have a similar social meaning to the chalice’s? What’s an object not on this list that might have a similar ability to hold onto or manage power?
Like chalices, quill pens are archaic, associated specifically with the ancient upper class. Like chalices, their use has been supplanted by simpler and more practical objects in the modern world.
Bottles, lockets, and sponges may be able to contain or absorb power of varying types and amounts.

Exercise: What might the effect of a book filled with poetry be? A book of names?
As always, the metaphorical devil is in the details. Shel Silverstein, T.S. Eliot, and Homer all wrote poetry, but the effects of tome implements filled with each of their poetry would be wildly different. Silverstein’s poetry is lighthearted and often surreal; perhaps it would draw attention from younger faerie or child-Others, but at the expense of seeming somewhat childish to others. Eliot’s poetry is more dour, existential, and most importantly revered; his poetry would not provoke nearly the same reaction, perhaps finding appeal among the faerie courts of Low Spring or Winter. Homer’s epics are even more revered, and focus on ancient acts of warfare and heroism; they would find traction among martial Others, including faerie of Summer courts, High and Below. Whatever the poetry, however, it seems likely that one’s deals with at least some types of faeries would be improved.
Similarly, the influence of a book of names would vary based on whose names they were. However, regardless of the names, it would imply at least a claim to some administrative role, whether a mundane civil one or a cosmic, perhaps mortal, one. If one already held some claim over the people whose names were listed in the book, the implement would likely strengthen that claim.

Exercise: Go look up or find three rings, as different from one another as possible. From their designs, infer what benefits they might offer.
In absence of visual aids, I will discuss three classic rings from fantasy media: Andrew Ketterley’s rings from The Magician’s Nephew, the One Ring from Lord of the Rings, and Havel’s Ring from the Dark Souls series.
Ketterley’s rings are most notable for essentially coming in pairs; you need one yellow and one green ring to properly use their effects. The materials they were made out of were, to my memory, unclear; for the sake of contrast, let us assume they were made out of a cheap material, such as plastic or painted wood. If this is true, then the rings would likely make it difficult for the Practitioner to acquire and hold on to wealth or similar forms of power, though cheap facsimiles thereof might be easier to come by or last longer. The simplicity of these rings makes them simple to analyze; their only solid characteristic is the color, which associates the yellow ones with the sun or dust and the green ones with plant life or wind. The simplicity itself may also be a drawback, making intricate Practice more difficult or prone to failure, but could be framed as a sign of unknown potential.
The One Ring is also relatively simple—a golden band, with a phrase inscribed within and without. Whether written in Tolkien’s Tengwar script or a legible Latin script, it would be recognized as an expensive piece of fantasy jewelry. This student does not know the effect of associating one’s Practice with Innocents’ fantasy novels, but it is likely to cast a shadow over the user. Aside from this, the otherwise golden band is quite a standard ring—pricey, so be sure, but not exceptionally so. Possibly the inscription would lend the user’s Practice to ruling, finding, bringing, and binding certain things.
Havel’s Ring is quite unlike the other two. While the most elegant of Havel’s possessions, the ring is still somewhat crude compared to typical rings. The band seems to be made of some yellowish metal, perhaps bronze, but it is overshadowed by the stones set into it. The stones are all gray and roughly spherical, with one large and smooth one surrounded by dozens of smaller and rougher stones. The stones, while somewhat lustrous, do not seem to be precious or semiprecious stones. The end result is a ring which mimics the affect of affluence without any of the polish or elegance of a typical ring. This strikes me as a clash between goblin and faerie sensibilities, leaning somewhat towards goblinoid irreverence.

Exercise: The last two implements were closed circles. What might another closed circle be that you could use as an implement. Can you think of any other objects with distinct shapes that are related to shapes you know from elementary diagrams?
Crowns vary greatly in design, but many form closed circles. Some also have projections resembling more elaborate forms of an embattled border or palissadé line, though those may not be considered “elementary”. It is common for talismans to be created in or imprinted with various “occult” symbols, many of which resemble elemental symbols or imperative/referential marks.

Exercise: Can you think of another very old object that sees almost no use now?
No, because I lack the context of growing up in a magical world. If I had to guess, though...animal skins as means of shapeshifting play a big part in a shocking breadth of cultures, but don’t show up much in modern fantasy (including Wildbow’s P-verse, thus far).

Exercise: The staff is comparable to the wand and sword. Can you think of another object that could be a close cousin of two other things on this list?
As mentioned, tarot cards share some associations with wands. They also share the coin’s associations with fate, fortune, and gambling.

Exercise: a practitioner flips a wooden nickel, his implement. What does this tell you about him?
Most importantly, that his implement is a wooden nickel.
Physical “wooden nickels” are associated with times of economic distress, but are also printed for expressive purposes, e.g. to commemorate certain events or express one’s personality (and trade with others who have done the same). We might suppose that this Practitioner seeks to express his identity within a community, remember some event from his past, or both.
However, rhetorically, wooden nickels are a reminder to be cautious in one’s deals; one would likely be wise to heed such advice when dealing with this practitioner.

Exercise: A member of a secretive group chooses an implement with an emblem of a flower that represents their resistance group, but in their case, the emblem is hidden by default. What might be the effect of this?
It may be many decades before they can spring into action, depending on how long the Avatar stays in that iceberg. Maybe I should dial back the pop culture jokes.
Choosing an emblem representing their resistance group would align the Practitioner and their Practice to the group’s cause (though the effects of this are difficult to guess without knowing what is being resisted and why). However, hiding an Implement whose effect is derived from recognizing its allegiance is likely to blunt any effect—positive or negative—which it may provide. Perhaps it would intensify the effect of the Implement on the rare occasions when it was revealed and actively used, but this is merely speculation.
On the other hand, wearing the emblem of a resistance group openly would likely restrict their Practice in other ways, ranging from social ostracization to death.

Exercise: Consider how the rope might differ. Conversely, the thread is very different from the chain, but how might they be similar?
The two are similar in more ways than not; both are flexible, serve as boundaries, and are associated with bindings mundane and supernatural. Ropes come in many forms, but in general they would appear more rustic and less harsh than a “typical” chain. A Practitioner seeking to “tame” wild Others may do well to evoke the image of a herdsman rather than a jailor; depending on region and intended focus, it may even be desirable to tie the rope into a lass.

Exercise: the skull is linked to Death incarnate. What sort of object might be intrinsically linked to Nature? To Adoration? To Mourning?
Mistletoe and holly. Something spotlight-ey? A veil, usually black in Western cultures.

Exercise: Think of an ignoble version of another implement on this list.
A beer stein could be considered an ignoble, or at least uncultured, version of the Chalice. A hood could be seen as akin to an ignoble Mask, though the Mask is hardly the noblest of implements.

Exercise: When using one’s own national flag as a standard, what sorts of Others might be drawn to it?
The answer varies depending on the country. For my nation’s flag, violent Others such as Dogs of War might be drawn to it; the flag of Vatican City may draw angels; and the flag of a very young nation (such as Kosovo or South Sudan) would be unlikely to draw elder Others.
Regardless of details, it is likely to draw Others which feel affinity for the nation, whether due to their nature echoing the nation’s own or some feeling of patriotism (likeliest for young Others which remember a mortal past).

Exercise: Thought experiment: what materials or design would one use if they wanted to make a lens that would help keep an eye on Death? What about War?
Lenses are, by practical necessity, dominated by clear materials; a lens made of steel or bone would be as foolish an implement as an unworked stone. Hence, special attention must be paid to what the lens is set into.
My first thought for a Death-watching lens is an ocular orbit taken from an appropriate skull—it is associated with death, approximately the right shape and size, and associated with sight. However, if one’s purpose for keeping an eye on Death is warding it off, one should consider setting the lens in a piece of medical equipment, or even using such as an Implement itself.
Lenses have historically been used in war. While the modern era of radar, aerial imaging, and so on has reduced the importance of mundane optics, spyglasses and binoculars were once critical to surveying the battlefield. Choosing one as your Implement would likely have the desired effect, if care was taken in selecting the specific object. A “tactically” patterned set of binoculars or old-fashioned brass spyglass would likely maximize connection to modern and pre-modern warfare, respectively.

Exercise: Give some thought to what a mask of one’s own face would represent or mean.
Two possible meanings come to mind. One is that the details of the mask (expression, “makeup” or lack thereof, marks or removal of blemishes, etc) represent an idealized Self. The other is that your true “face” itself is a “mask”—ie, that your apparent identity is another layer of deception. The latter seems more likely the more closely the mask resembles your face.

Exercise: Consider the differences between lantern and candle. What other object might ‘cast out’ an effect into the immediate environment?
A candle is smaller, weaker, and easier to disrupt than a lantern. It is also more expendable and replaceable; most lanterns can simply be refueled, but a candle must be replaced. While candles can be useful tools in Practice, making one your primary Implement would seem unwise.
Obvious examples of “casting-out” objects range from torches to electric torches. Hearths and fire pits would be similar, but would obviously work better as part of a demense than as an implement. Hoses and similar systems could also have a “casting out” effect, but would need to draw from a greater reservoir of power and have at best limited mobility, making them hilariously unsuitable as implements. Other devices for distributing fluids, aerosols, and gases could be proposed, but the obvious examples may be the best for Practice.

Exercise: What might the flute or pipes do, as an instrument? Can you think of other instruments with a long history of association with magic or fairy tale?
Pipes and flutes have a distinct association with Pan, especially pan pipes, and also with satyrs and other Dionysian beings; through such Greek influences, they may associate one’s Practice with trickery, the wilderness, or a “wild” state of mind.
Ocarinas date back millennia across the world and have a prominent place in some Eastern cultures, but they held relatively little significance in Western cultures until 1998. This student does not feel confident guessing what significance they might hold as an Implement, but would be interested in the opinion of one who is.
In the West, harps have a strong association with high culture, as well as Christian ideas of heaven. Some Western cultures imbue harps with greater or more specific significance, most notably Irish culture.

Exercise: the coffer has a lid. What might be the properties of a handheld, cast-iron cauldron with an open top?
First off, a cauldron would be in many ways like a Plate implement—while not associated with food preparation and archaic Practice, it is an archaic method of food preparation which is associated with the supernatural.
More relevant to the question at hand: The closed lid of a coffer enforces ownership by preventing others from taking what you have claimed. An open-topped container would not do so; moreover, while a coffer may contain or unleash Others, an open-topped container would only hold Others who were willing to rest there. An open-topped container would hence imply a charitable or communal attitude towards power one claims—it is not claimed for the Practitioner themself to use, but for their entire community.
submitted by GreatWyrmGold to Parahumans [link] [comments]

2020.11.02 19:50 ekahyl21 Doppelgangers

Doppelgangers are a phenomenon dating back over centuries. The question of Doppelgangers is up for debate and in general is a matter of personal perception. There is a particular Victorian age encounter involving Vice-Admiral Sir George Tryon supposedly spotted walking amid a drawing room of his family home during one of his wife’s parties she frequently hosted. The catch: Currently in 1893 Vice-Admiral George Tryon was not only far from home but out at sea aboard the HMS Victoria despite his wife’s and several witness’s insistence. The very same night it was said our Admiral had gone down with his ship after HMS Victoria collided with HMS Camperdown while traveling along Mediterranean waters.
The word doppelganger itself translates in a very literal sense to “double goer” or “double walker” in German and is defined as a spiritual counterpart of a living person. They are also often categorized as sinister in nature. Doppelgangers are generally viewed as bad omens signaling an impending and inevitable demise. A doppelganger is easy to identify because it looks exactly like its desired target. Historic figure such as Abraham Lincoln have recounted personal encounters with a doppelganger. Lincoln described his experience as having encountered a double reflection in his mirror, one face of himself appearing pale and sickly, as opposed to his current appearance. He also recounted said experience to his wife in confidence. Ironically, Lincoln died only several months after encountering his doppelganger.
In select cases doppelgangers have been known to provide malicious advice to specific individuals. The term doppelganger was coined in eighteenth century, but doppelganger encounters can be traced as far back as Egyptian times. Both English and German folklore maintain encountering your own doppelganger three times indicates your impending doom, but nowadays with social media and a world wide web at our fingertips “Meeting your doppelganger or evil twin” has become a common occurrence. In parts of Africa and Europe changelings are supernatural entities said to replace human children during infancy. The Norse vardoger, less ominous in nature, is said to appear at a common place before a select induvial it resembles arrives. In English and Irish literature ranging from eighteenth to nineteenth centuries speak of an ethereal double whose appearance, such like a doppelganger, signals death.
The term doppelganger was coined by German author Jean Paul in 1796. The plot of said story features a protagonist exchanging identities with his friend and lookalike Leibgeber. Sound familiar? The plot of a popular film “The Prestige” starring Christian Bale shares a similar plotline. Initially Jean Paul used invented two names to describe a double; “doppeltganger” was used to describe an uncanny lookalike and “doppelganger” originally used to describe in which two courses were served simultaneously. The distinction did not last long as a general populous assumed doppelganger as the default term. The consensus on doppelgangers is up for debate. Their origins vary depending on lore but in my opinion existence of doppelgangers is if not undeniable at least a phenomenon worth noting.
submitted by ekahyl21 to ParanormalPortal [link] [comments]

2020.10.31 07:52 mcjunker Listen

I was in Shindand Air Base, Afghanistan, 2014. The snippets of news from back home suggested that Iraq was getting crazy, but I wasn't in Iraq, I was in Afghanistan. I had been promised a high speed deployment supporting MARSOC.
Technically, I was supporting MARSOC. They were packing their bags and breaking down their equipment while we pulled tower and gate guard for them.
It's like that sometimes.
Anyways, there I was up in the guard tower in the middle of summer, seven months into a nine month deployment.
Off to my left was an empty school. Off to my right was an open field. Down below me was an ANSF checkpoint blocking entrance to Shindand Air Base. To get to us while we slept, the Taliban would have to get through them, and then through the American gate guards behind them, and then through my platoon mates guarding our private compound on base. And of course, if someone tried get through the ANSF guys I'd use the 240.
It was just another fucking day up there. I had me a mini Rip-It and sunflower seeds to keep my mouth occupied, a nice comfy chair of sandbags to sit on, plenty of nothing to look at.
The month before, I'd had a friendly chat on the main section of base with a Major in Intelligence. He'd told me that the local insurgents were, and I quote directly, "the Taliban National Guard". Drug farmers, mostly. They only shot at us and killed government agents because we kept burning their opium fields down. So, not exactly a bunch of frothing at the mouth fanatics willing to launch a human wave attack against our Hesco barriers.
The temptation to take that fucking helmet off in the heat was omnipresent. "There's no danger here," that little voice kept whispering. "It's hot. This shit is heavy. My neck hurts. Fucking chin strap." I fought the voice by reflex, but couldn't bring myself to believe that any fragmentation was coming my way.
Just another fucking day in the guard tower. One more shift in a long line of them, with plenty more to come.
That day I was watching a group of kids play in a ditch near the ANSF checkpoint. Little fuckers. Hard to tell their age from 40 meters away. Either a malnourished ten years old or a tall and chunky six, or some mix thereof. I watched them. No real reason. Nothing else was moving except some of the Afghan soldiers were popping a squat and drinking tea. The kids fucked around playing in the dirt, the ANSF did ANSF shit, and I watched and hummed sad Irish songs to myself under my breath.
One of the kids drew out a black handgun from inside his mad dress thing, whatever you call it. I froze for a split second, agonizing in a sudden panic- I could lock the bolt back on the 240 and kill the little bastard time now, but the burst would probably catch his little friends who didn't have guns. I could nail him with my M4, but I didn't have the red dot turned on and it would take to many seconds.
I'll tell you the truth. I lean forward into the stock of the machine gun, yank the bolt back, line up the iron sights, and squeeze the trigger for a brief second. The shots hammer my ear drums to shit. I can see the bullets zip through a swirl of disturbed air as the kid with the gun got chopped in half.
Ever hit a nail with a hammer? Ever miss the center of it ever so slightly, so that the lip of the nail head get chipped at and bent? That was what it was. I bent the kid. I chipped at him. Bone broke, blood flooded. He was chipped alright.
I killed that child. Wounded one of his friends too, who got caught in the cone and lost his hand.
I felt empty inside. Not really empty... empty just means there isn't anything there, and that's not it at all. It's more like a plug being yanked out of a drain so the water swirls away. It was an active, draining kind of empty, one that is not passive and peaceful but proactively sucks your life out through your heart.
When I was a kid, maybe eight years old, my cat was attacked by a raccoon and got his guts ripped out. Mom brought him in and wrapped him in an old towel so we could transfer him to the vet. My kitty was so calm and relaxed, even as his intestines were hanging out of his belly. My sister was crying silently in the corner and I was staring at my favorite pet die in a small puddle of cat blood. *That* is what I felt- a sickened, creeping, dreadful horror that builds and builds and builds to a climax that just never comes. That's what I felt again, watching that chipped little kid die.
Listen. That was a fucking trick. Hollywood bullshit. Never happened. I was lying to you.
Here's what happened.
I was in the guard tower, bored out of my mind. My helmet was fucking killing me because I'd slept weird and my neck hurt, but I'd found the perfect way to lay back against the sandbags to take the weight of the kevlar off my neck. I was watching the kids play in the ditch near the ANSF checkpoint because there was nothing else to look at.
One of them pulled a handgun out of his little man dress.
I freeze and frickazee out, trying to balance the competing instincts. I'd had self-control under stress drilled into me, but I also knew I had to kill on command. I am torn. He's a kid. He has a gun mere meters away from our allies. Fucking Taliban child soldier at my twelve o clock.
I jam my shoulder into the stock of the 240 and get my hand on the charging handle. I'm still torn. I'd hate to shoot this little motherfucker and end up on CNN. I'd hate if those Afghans below me got killed because I was too nice to play rough.
Resolved. Fuck it. Time to kill.
I'm sighted in and ready but the little bastard aims the gun at his friend's head and pulls the trigger before I can.
The gun goes click click click not at all unlike a mechanical clock. The kids laugh and continue fucking around with their toy gun. I'm stuck up in the guard tower still hyperventilating trying to process what I just saw.
"You little fucker," I hear myself say. "We kill American kids back home for that shit. What you think I'll do to you? You're fucking Muslim!"
I giggled to myself and lean back into my resting position, cracking my neck to reduce the tension, trying to get my breathing under control. Jesus, what a fucking moment. Jackasses. Christ.
Later, when I'm being relieved by my bro, I crack a joke about shooting these stupid fucking kids before heading off to get chow.
Listen. I'm sorry. I'm being fucking self-indulgent and meta here, but that was also bullshit. I keep lying to you. Honest apologies, that didn't happen either.
Here's what actually happened.
I was up in the guard tower, bored as hell. I don't remember what was up with my helmet. Wearing it was like Chinese water torture because I really did have neck pain, but I had no head rest to prop it up. I may have had the chin strap off so my scalp could breathe a little. I did that sometimes, maybe one shift out of ten. I don't recall if I lapsed into unprofessionalism that day or not.
I saw the kids playing in the ditch. They were skinny little fuckers by American standards but decently well fed by local standards. Rumor had it that the village nearby was a recent addition to the landscape dating from the 80's, staffed with immigrants from the USSR. The surrounding villages all hated their guts and livers. These kids would probably be shot or raped or both if ISAF ever pulled out.
I was watching them because they were the only thing moving out there, except for one of the ANSF dudes popping a haji squat by his hut to eat.
One of them pulled a black handgun from his waistband.
I watched silently as he pointed it at his friend's head and pulled the trigger. I smiled and shook my head when I heard the mechanical click click click and the gleeful giggling. I was the same way at their age, always playing cowboys and Indians and cops and robbers and shit. Dangerous fucking past time, though, round these parts. Nothing saying I might not have panicked and gunned their little asses down- not like America where the tips of the gun are painted orange by law, that one looked for all the world like a real fucking gun down there.
Shit, why hadn't I done anything? Inertia? Did I just freeze in panic at the sight of a gun? Naw, I was ready for them. Had my 240 right there, one yank away from being ready to rock and roll. No, bad plan. The 240 was overkill, I'd probably pop three of them on top of the kid I was aiming at. Coulda just used my rifle. Except the red dot was off to conserve battery power. Would have taken some time to get that ready.
Jesus fuck, how am I this blasé and casual about murdering kids? I made the right call, didn't I? It was a fake fucking gun, I didn't panic and freeze, I just looked down and correctly assessed that I wasn't dealing with a threat! Did I want to have an excuse to shoot little kids and chop their fucking hip bones into red ruin with 7.62? Did I want to be the kind of man that can do that to kids at the drop of the hat, rip their guts out like a rabid raccoon so their parents and brothers and little sisters can wrap them up in old blankets and go cry in the corner?
But of course, I'm already kind of there, aren't I. I'm already prepped for it. Any moment of any day. I'm a child killer waiting to happen. Not dangerous or careless enough to actually do it, just immoral to deliver the goods on demand.
Fuck's sake. I'm a Christian though, aren't I?
Listen. You probably recognize the pattern by now. That navel-gazing session up there is also a lie. That just isn't how it happened.
I can sit here and type this shit out forever. A million variations on the same theme. But here's what actually happened. It's so accurate that it becomes useless; that's why I lied earlier. The usefulness trumped the truthfulness.
I trudged up into a guard tower in Shindand Air Base, Afghanistan. The local enemy were drug farmers, not hardened jihadis. I was watching kids play in a ditch near the ANSF checkpoint, because there was nothing else to watch. One of them pulled out a fake gun, and I didn't do anything about it. When I trudged back down that fucking guard tower I was somebody else entirely.
That's it.
I can't explain to my wife why I scream curse words at the floor sometimes when I get frustrated and lost in my own little world. Why I get excessively negative and sullen and pessimistic about everything in the world and more besides. She hates that about me; it reminds her of her dad. I can't explain it to her properly, because I remember it a little differently each time. Someday I may not remember it at all and will merely have the familiar words of the story lodged in my head, and perhaps a vague memory that I'd once been a soldier.
You had to sit through three stupid versions of it here. I get a new one every day.
submitted by mcjunker to MilitaryStories [link] [comments]

2020.10.27 14:24 Einmariya 💀👻🎃 Samhain & the Blue Full Moon - October 31 🌒🌕🌘

Welcome to the latest sabbat informational post! Throughout the year, we will be posting up these threads to share general information about the next upcoming sabbat so WvP's witches, new and old, can prepare for the holiday. These posts will contain basic information about the holiday and open up for the floor for further questions or discussion.

Special Note About Halloween & Samhain:

For the sake of this post, I'm going to assume that WvP's witches are familiar with the basic principles of the modern Halloween and that it is derived from a conglomeration of older, pagan rituals from around Samhain. After all, Halloween is a pretty basic cultural concept at this point (pop or otherwise), having spread itself globally via media and the internet to places where it was barely heard of even a decade ago.
As such, I'm not going to be talking about Halloween and its connections with Samhain at all in this post. Samhain itself is, after all, a very important witch's holiday in its own right and deserves its proper consideration by itself aside for its current popular holiday connections.
If there's interest, I could put together another post (later, after Samhain) that goes a bit more in depth about particular aspects of Samhain and how they're related to modern Halloween celebrations. But this post as it is will certainly be long enough on its own, I assure you!

💀👻🎃 Samhain & the Blue Full Moon - October 31 🌒🌕🌘

What and When is Samhain?

Samhain (pronounced SAH-win or SOW-in) is one of the eight sabbats of the modern pagan Wheel of the Year. It is one of the "greater sabbats", falling approximately halfway between an equinox and a solstice. The others are Imbolc (mid-Winter), Beltane (mid-Spring), and Lughnasadh (mid-Summer). Samhain also has extra importance due to being the beginning of the Celtic New Year.
In the northern hemisphere, Samhain falls on November 1st, but it is an almost universal practice to celebrate it beginning at sunset of October 31st. According to the original Celtic calendar, days begin at sunset, and because Samhain is such an important holiday, this sunset starting time stuck around longer than it has for other holidays.
For our Southern Hemisphere witches, the next holiday is Beltane, the beginning of the Light half of the year, and its celebrations traditionally fall on November 1st. For more information, check out our earlier Beltane post!

What's all this now about a Blue Moon?

The next Full Moon also falls on October 31st this year, and since it is the second Full Moon within the calendar month of October, it counts as a Blue Moon! It's also the Hunter's Moon and a "micromoon" (meaning that the moon is at its further point from Earth, the opposite of a "supermoon").
Due to the conjunction of a Blue Full Moon and Samhain/Beltane falling on the same date (and of course given the current state of, well, everything), many witches around the world have been using this as an opportunity to add more potency to their spells and rituals, or are otherwise doing more than they might otherwise.

Samhain: History, Connections, and Modern Practice

In historic Gaelic tradition, the year was split into two halves, the dark half and the light half. The dark half of the year began on Samhain, and following the tradition of dates starting with darkness, Samhain also marks the beginning of the New Year as well. It was celebrated throughout Ireland, Scotland, and the Isle of Man, and similar celebrations can also be seen in Wales and parts of England. Based on historical records, we can tell that the original festival likely lasted for more than a single day, with estimates going as high as a full seven days (three days before and after Samhain, plus the day itself).
Samhain is a liminal time, when the veil to the Otherworld is thin, and such it is a perfect time to venerate ancestors and the dead. The fair folk are also more active at this time, as are other spirits and entities. Much was done to both honour the dead and the spirits and other entities, and also to protect one's self from them. Some of these practices included leaving out a dumb supper for the dead, mumming and disguising to hide from spirits (or collect food on their behalf), sacrificing livestock that would not have survived the winter, or otherwise leaving food or other offerings and sacrifices.
Another benefit of the thinning veil is that Samhain is the perfect time for divination of all sorts. Traditionally, this was primarily done in and around the Samhain bonfire. One Scottish ritual involved placing stones in ash around the fire and seeing if any were misplaced by morning. Apples and hazelnuts were also often used in divination rituals, with apples in particular having a strong connection to the dead and being at the height of ripeness.
As you might expect from such an important holiday, Samhain also crops up frequently in Celtic myths and legends. In some cases, such as with the Nemedians in the Lebor Gabála Érenn, Samhain was a time of great sacrifice and may have been used symbolically to represent the harshness of the winter months. Later on, Samhain marks the start of the Second Battle of Mag Tuired when the Tuatha Dé Danann finally defeat the Fomorians, and finally, Finn McCool defeats Áillen on Samhain, ending his 23-year cyclic fiery destruction of Tara.
Samhain is connected to a few different locations in Ireland, such as Oweynagat ("cave of cats") in Rathcroghan, or Tlachtga ("hill of ward") in the Boyne Valley. The Hill of Tara has an especially notable connection at the Mound of Hostages, as the entrance passage is aligned with the sunrise during astrological time period around Samhain.
Many deities also have connections to the holiday, or various aspects of it. In Celtic Mythology, we have The Morrígan and The Dagda (via their encounter before the Second Battle of Mag Tuired), and Tlachtga (a deity or druidess who gave her name to the hill mentioned above). In Scotland, the Cailleach begins her rule. In Wiccan tradition, Samhain marks the death of the Horned God (don't worry, he'll be reborn during Yule) and the Goddess is strongest in her Crone phase. Other deities from traditions around the world are also connected to this time, such as Persephone whose primary myth also involves a split between the dark and light halves of the year, or any other deity associated with Death or Darkness.
As Samhain traditions have managed to survive into the current times so well, modern witches have a wealth of information to pull from for Samhain rituals and celebrations. Although the livestock- and harvest-related aspects of the holiday are less important to us, we can all appreciate and make use of the thinning of the veil, and taking time out of our lives to honour our ancestors, other dead, and all the fairies and spirits and other denizens of the Otherworld that are at their strongest during this time of year.
Honouring our ancestors and other dead spirits is one the most important aspects of Samhain and something almost every witch will try to take time to do in some shape or form during this time. One of the simplest and most common ways to do this is to make an extra meal during Samhain and leave it at an empty space at your dining table, to offer the food for any ancestors who wish to visit during this time. Many witches may also visit graveyards, both of known ancestors or to otherwise honour the forgotten dead who may not have anyone else to visit.
Additionally, just like our ancestors did, now is the perfect time for witches of all ages, knowledge, and skill to brush up on their divination. It's a perfect time to start learning a new divination technique or hone an existing one. Pick up a deck of tarot cards or a pendulum. If you have no talent or inclination towards divination on your own, you may wish to hire a small business witch to do a reading for you.
Aside from traditional Celtic celebrations, many other cultures around the world have their own ways to honour the dead and the coming winter. One of the most well-known examples of this is the Mexican Día de Muertos (Day of the Dead), which was itself based on earlier Aztec festivals honouring Mictēcacihuātl, "Lady of the Dead". Check out the Festival of the Dead page on Wikipedia for a more comprehensive listing of other autumnal, death- and ancestry-related festivals. Especially when honouring ancestors, you may wish to include aspects of some customs they might have known during their lives.
One other pagan aspect of this time of year that I'd like to touch on quick is the Wild Hunt. Chasing the pre-Christian history of the Wild Hunt is far beyond the scope of this post, but it has roots through much of western Europe and is connected to many of the same deities and themes that are so prevalent with Samhain as well, as autumn gets deeper, the dark gets darker, and the spirits become more restless and powerful. Some practitioners of different types of European paganism like to encorprate aspects of the Wild Hunt into their devotions and rituals for this time of year.
Check out our section below for some more specific ideas and examples of ways to celebrate Samhain with yourself, or maybe even a few (properly distanced) family or friends.
As a part of the Wheel of the Year, Samhain follows Mabon, and the beginning of the Dark Half of the year is starting. By now, everything should be harvested and the cattle should be brought to their winter pastures. It is a time to reflect on and honour the dead, and prepare ourselves mentally, physically, and spiritually for the long, cold, dark winter coming up ahead.
If you look at the sabbats as a reflection of the self, Samhain is the beginning and the end. It is a time to reflect on the accomplishments of the past year, and to begin looking ahead to what is coming. Mother nature will come alive again in spring, and in the meantime, we need to get right with ourselves, each other, and the world, to set us up for the best chance of success when we begin to sprout again in a few months. Think about what long-term goals and intentions you'd like to work on and take the initial steps towards planning them out.
Symbols: Skulls/Skeletons, Ghosts, Jack-o-Lanterns, Brooms, Cauldrons, Acorns/Nuts Colours: Black, White, Purple, Orange, Red Plants/Herbs: Oak, Rowan, Hazel, Rosemary, Mint, Calendula, Sage, Wormwood Foods: Apples, Pumpkins/Gourds, Nuts, Turnips, Breads, Soul Cakes

Simple rituals and ways to celebrate Samhain include:

  • Honour your ancestors and any other dead you personally wish to honour. This may include visiting graves, hosting a dumb supper, or perhaps following some specific cultural traditions as part of a Festival of the Dead or other Ancestor Veneration. This is a personal thing, so do what works best for you.
  • Honour the Forgotten Dead, those who have no one else to remember them. You may wish to follow a ritual, by yourself or with others, or perhaps something more low-key would suit you, like visiting an old graveyard and speaking to any spirits who may be near.
  • Build a ritual bonfire, a great way to celebrate and stay warm while social-distantly visiting with family and friends. One popular Samhain bonfire ritual is to write something you wish to discard on a bay leaf or piece of paper and symbolically burn it in the fire while thinking of a positive thing with which you'd like to replace it.
  • Perform a divination technique to make the most of the thinning veil. Seances, ouija boards, and other "direct" spiritual communication is popular during this time, or you may prefer something more concrete such as tarot or casting runes. If you've been drawn to divination but not started, now is a great time to give it a whirl! Or you might like to support a small business witch to do a reading for you.
  • Setup, clean, and/or refresh your altar for Samhain. Check here or over at tumblr if you'd like ideas or inspiration.
  • If you want something a bit more old school than the traditional jack-o-lantern, try making your very own turnip head!
  • Make an ancestral altar or shrine with physical mementos of loved ones. This doubles as a great space to make any further ancestral offerings during the season. Remember, you don't only have to only your blood kin, but any others who have passed on can be honoured.
  • If you're not sure what to offer the dead, bake a batch of Soul Cakes.
  • Cook some other Samhain-inspired goodies to unleash your inner Kitchen Witch; here are some suggestions. Freshest is bestest!
  • Perform a Samhain seasonal rite/ritual. Here is a good example of a solitary Samhain ritual, for practicing witches without a coven. This is an example of a simple group ritual that can be customized to fit your needs. This post also contains some nice seasonal spells, rituals, crafts, and rites.
  • Perform an ancestor-related ritual or ceremony. This page contains a number of simple examples to build off of.
  • If you're celebrating Samhain with children, find some ways ways to include them in the holiday, such as by making some child-friendly Samhain crafts.
  • You can also try your hand at another traditional Irish craft, the Parshell Cross, which is very similar to a rowan cross.
  • Celebrate by eating and cooking with seasonal produce.

Tips for New and/or Broom Closet Witches

Samhain can be an intimidating holiday for a new witch, especially one with a religious family and/or one still in the broom closet in any respect. On one hand, the massive pop culture explosion of Halloween has brought death and spookiness into the mainstream for October, and it's easy to blend in. On the other hand, that same popularity can make it difficult to separate out and enjoy the more spiritual aspects of the holiday. Further, there are a great many misconception in the general public about witches and Samhain that can make things particularly uncomfortable.
That said, one of the most important things about Samhain is also the simplest and easiest to do in your own personal way, whatever that is: honouring the dead. Visit a cemetery, look at pictures, leave out an offering of food, think, remember. There are so many ways to honour and connect with those who have gone before, and everyone can do this in their own way. It's also a good way to help come to terms with our own mortality.
In more fun news, this is the perfect time for witches of all types to have fun buying "seasonal" products for year round use. Halloween is perfect for finding lots of witchy, gothy, spooky stuff for altars or deity veneration, jewellery, or even just going full a e s t h e t i c and decorating your space however you like.
Witchy seasonal baking is also in full swing this time of year, and everything pumpkin is super in season, so dig right in! Apples, nuts, dense breads, corn, these are all great foodstuffs that are seasonably appropriate and can be used in a variety of dishes, pastries, drinks, or anything you'd like. Closeted witches may find themselves extra clumsy this time of year, "dropping" food on the floor can't be eaten any longer and must be disposed of (a decent way to disguise offerings, if done in moderation).
Much of the importance of the Wheel of the Year is to really incorporate yourself with nature and the earth's yearly cycles. For most of the temperate, northern part of the world, autumn is definitely in full swing, and some places are already seeing snow flurries. Enjoy the changing colours of the leaves and the brisk freshness of the air during a forest walk, if you can. Now is a great time to spot mushrooms, gather acorns and rowan berries, and to enjoy the stillness of mother nature going to sleep. How are the animals and plants in your neighbourhood preparing for the coming winter? What do you still need to prepare yourself for the coming cold and dark?
Feel free to ask any questions you might have below or otherwise use this post for discussion about Samhain (northern witches), the upcoming Blue Full Moon, or Beltane (southern witches)!
submitted by Einmariya to WitchesVsPatriarchy [link] [comments]

2020.10.26 18:58 partypastor Unreached People Group of the Week - Urdu in Ireland

So I was talking with my girlfriend about how in the ideal world we could do ministry in a small Irish hamlet one day, so I found an Irish UPG!
Before getting into their unreached info, here is a fun article talking about Urdu and Irish Gaelic! contextualization.jpg
How Unreached Are They?
In Ireland the Urdu people are 0% Christian. That means out of their population of 8000 ish people, there are likely maybe a few believers or none at all.
There are full Bible translations in their language and in English.
What are they like?
Typical qualification that all people groups can't be summed up in small paragraphs and this is an over generalization.
Urdu-speaking Muslims can be found in every level of society. They are the illiterate and the educated, the poor and the money lenders, the landlords and the religious leaders.
The Urdu speakers are the descendants of immigrants who were the "cream of society" in their own countries. Some are the descendants of Arab merchants and soldiers. Others descended from Turks, Persians, and Pushtuns.
Presently, there is such diversity among the Urdu speakers that it is difficult to generalize their lifestyles. Within any given region, their differences are related to class distinctions.
Before the partition of Pakistan and India in 1947, the Urdu consisted of a wide range of economic and social classes. When Pakistan became independent in 1947, many Urdu-speaking Muslims stayed in India. While the petty merchants and laborers only noticed minor economic changes, the landholders experienced drastic changes. Middle class immigrants to the Persian Gulf and other nearby regions felt discriminated against in jobs and educational opportunities. Such immigrants tend to retain their original citizenship. The bulk of their earnings are sent back to their families in Pakistan and India. On the other hand, those who immigrate to westernized countries usually take on the citizenship of their new country. However, unless they live in neighborhoods containing numbers of other Urdu speakers, the second generation often loses contact with their native language and culture.
In rural areas, housing takes the form of a mud hut with separate living quarters for the women. Urban dwellers live in more modern houses or apartments. Urdu women are responsible for all of the household duties as well as caring for the children. They also enjoy embroidering, sewing, and visiting with other neighborhood women.
Among Urdu speaking Muslims, there is still much social pressure to "maintain honor" in all levels of their societies. Purdah (the seclusion, concealment, or unsociability of women) still exists, but to varying degrees. A woman is generally secluded from public view and is protected from "dangerous" contacts. This is done to protect either her husband's honor or the honor of her father's family. In some areas, the entire covering of the body with only an embroidered screen for vision is required. In other areas, the women are much more outspoken. They may cover just their heads and wear dark glasses to maintain a sense of privacy. In some of the wealthy, urban levels of society, purdah is losing its value as it competes with western values. Women entering professions lean toward such occupations as teaching or practicing medicine in which their students and clients will be female. Joshua Project
History Lesson
The term "Urdu" does not adequately describe the Urdu people as such, but is merely a language distinction. Urdu-speaking Muslims are not an ethnic group in the strictest sense, but are rather a collection of ethnic groups who have been widely dispersed geographically. They possess a sense of "group identity" based on cultural and historical factors: the Islamic religion, a Persian cultural tradition, the Urdu language, and the tradition of Muslim supremacy in northern India.
A majority of the Urdu speakers live in Pakistan and the northern states of India. However, in recent years, many Urdu-speaking Muslims have emigrated to the Persian Gulf and Saudi Arabia, searching for economic opportunities. Skilled laborers and highly educated professionals have also emigrated to Western Europe, North America, and the Commonwealth countries.
Urdu, now the national language of Pakistan, is an Indo-Iranian language that developed from the Hindi language. It is heavily laden with Persian and Arabic words and is written in the Persian script. Joshua Project
What do they believe?
Although the Urdu are all Muslims, this is no longer a unifying factor. There are intense differences among the various Muslim sects (the Hanafites, Shafiites, and Ithna-Asharis).
Since entire communities tended to migrate together, different Islamic sects are found in different countries. For example, in Turkey and South Africa, the Urdu speakers are almost completely Sunni Muslims; whereas in Canada and in Pakistan, they are almost completely Hanafite Muslims. Joshua Project
How Can We Pray For Them?
Brothers, my heart’s desire and prayer to God for them is that they may be saved. (Romans 10:1)
Here are the previous weeks threads on the UPG of the Week for Reformed
People Group Country Date Posted Beliefs
Urdu Ireland 10/26/20 Islam
Wolof Senegal 10/19/20 Islam
Turkish Cypriot Cyprus 10/12/2020 Islam
Awjilah Libya 10/05/2020 Islam
Manihar India 09/28/2020 Islam
Tianba China 09/21/2020 Animism
Arab Qatar 09/14/2020 Islam
Turkmen Turkmenistan 08/31/2020 Islam
Lyuli Uzbekistan 08/24/2020 Islam
Kyrgyz Kyrgyzstan 08/17/2020 Islam*
Yakut Russia 08/10/2020 Animism*
Northern Katang Laos 08/03/2020 Animism
Uyghur Kazakhstan 07/27/2020 Islam
Syrian (Levant Arabs) Syria 07/20/2020 Islam
Teda Chad 07/06/2020 Islam
Kotokoli Togo 06/28/2020 Islam
Hobyot Oman 06/22/2020 Islam
Moor Sri Lanka 06/15/2020 Islam
Shaikh Bangladesh 06/08/2020 Islam
Khalka Mongols Mongolia 06/01/2020 Animism
Comorian France 05/18/2020 Islam
Bedouin Jordan 05/11/2020 Islam
Muslim Thai Thailand 05/04/2020 Islam
Nubian Uganda 04/27/2020 Islam
Kraol Cambodia 04/20/2020 Animism
Tay Vietnam 04/13/2020 Animism
Yoruk Turkey 04/06/2020 Islam
Xiaoliangshn Nosu China 03/30/2020 Animism
Jat (Muslim) Pakistan 03/23/2020 Islam
Beja Bedawi Egypt 03/16/2020 Islam
Tunisian Arabs Tunisia 03/09/2020 Islam
Yemeni Arab Yemen 03/02/2020 Islam
Bosniak Croatia 02/24/2020 Islam
Azerbaijani Georgia 02/17/2020 Islam
Zaza-Dimli Turkey 02/10/2020 Islam
Huichol Mexico 02/03/2020 Animism
Kampuchea Krom Cambodia 01/27/2020 Buddhism
Lao Krang Thailand 01/20/2020 Buddhism
Gilaki Iran 01/13/2020 Islam
Uyghurs China 01/01/2020 Islam
Israeli Jews Israel 12/18/2019 Judaism
Drukpa Bhutan 12/11/2019 Buddhism
Malay Malaysia 12/04/2019 Islam
Lisu (Reached People Group) China 11/27/2019 Christian
Dhobi India 11/20/2019 Hinduism
Burmese Myanmar 11/13/2019 Buddhism
Minyak Tibetans China 11/06/2019 Buddhism
Yazidi Iraq 10/30/2019 Animism*
Turks Turkey 10/23/2019 Islam
Kurds Syria 10/16/2019 Islam
Kalmyks Russia 10/09/2019 Buddhism
Luli Tajikistan 10/02/2019 Islam
Japanese Japan 09/25/2019 Shintoism
Urak Lawoi Thailand 09/18/2019 Animism
Kim Mun Vietnam 09/11/2019 Animism
Tai Lue Laos 09/04/2019 Bhuddism
Sundanese Indonesia 08/28/2019 Islam
Central Atlas Berbers Morocco 08/21/2019 Islam
Fulani Nigeria 08/14/2019 Islam
Sonar India 08/07/2019 Hinduism
Pattani Malay Thailand 08/02/2019 Islam
Thai Thailand 07/26/2019 Buddhism
Baloch Pakistan 07/19/2019 Islam
Alawite Syria 07/12/2019 Islam*
Huasa Cote d'Ivoire 06/28/2019 Islam
Chhetri Nepal 06/21/2019 Hinduism
Beja Sudan 06/14/2019 Islam
Yinou China 06/07/2019 Animism
Kazakh Kazakhstan 05/31/2019 Islam
Hui China 05/24/2019 Islam
Masalit Sudan 05/17/2019 Islam
As always, if you have experience in this country or with this people group, feel free to comment or PM me and I will happily edit it so that we can better pray for these peoples!
Here is a list of definitions in case you wonder what exactly I mean by words like "Unreached"
submitted by partypastor to Reformed [link] [comments]

2020.10.26 04:39 jw_mentions /r/MGTOW2 - "why do christcucks keep appearing in mgtow/male-spaces/pua and try to convert us to their church?"

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Submission why do christcucks keep appearing in mgtow/male-spaces/pua and try to convert us to their church?
Comments why do christcucks keep appearing in mgtow/male-spaces/pua and try to convert us to their church?
Author papaarkansas
Subreddit /MGTOW2
Posted On Sun Oct 25 19:10:38 UTC 2020
Score 0 as of Tue Oct 27 19:09:20 UTC 2020
Total Comments 29

Post Body:

like for real? the true teachings of christianity are against pre-marital sex and dating which pua's aim to do. (many christcucks seem to be evangelical/born-again which is against pre-marital sex etc).
Hey I don't care if you believe in Jesus it just seems very odd and contradictory. Like shouldn't pua's/magow be the very LAST people you would want in your church? Heck if I was a pastor I would not want pua's in my church. (since pua's drink, have sex, or in the case of mgtow have no families) which is against evangelical teachings).
Its bizarre! It's like a a Muslim missionary going to a Sports Bar to try to convert people lol. 😂 (Muslims are not allowed to drink alchohol).
My THEORY is that LETS BE REAL a GOOD amount of manosphere folk have lower social status and are down on our luck. (hey I am one too lol nothing to be ashamed of). In the Bible Jesus saught the folk down on their luck to join his church. ie. "fishers of men" HENCE many evangelical/born again ACTIVELY look for those specific type of guys to join their church.
-is that theory true?
-NOT bashing christians it's your life just why not look for converts elsewhere rather than on websites SPECIFICALLY designed to help men have pre-marital sex/go clubbing etc?

Related Comments (2):

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Author Irish-Fritter
Posted On Mon Oct 26 02:05:08 UTC 2020
Score 1 as of Tue Oct 27 19:09:20 UTC 2020
Conversation Size 0
Body link
Well, for us, all sin is equal. It's sounds harsh, but a lie is just as bad as murder in the eyes of God. I could expand on the reasoning for this, but it's not the point.
Everyone has done something that is against God's will. It is inevitable. The point is trying to work past that. When you trip and fall, you get back up.
You are right, it is super odd to be evangelizing in the pickup artist community, as most of them are there to pick up chicks, which is against God's will. Evangelizing in that community is not really a great way to go about doing things because people will wonder why you are there.
It's always worth spreading the gospel, but going out of your way to invade someone's space just to do that is the wrong way to go about things. Christians are meant to spread it wherever they go. Going out of their way can end poorly.
I would compare it to the LGBTQ+ stuff in media right now. I can live with it, I dont agree with their philosiphies, but that is between them and God, not them and me. Seeing it crammed down my throat in movies and tv is annoying, but not because I hate them. It's because I'm watching this to be entertained, and am instead getting preached at.
You go to these communities for something, and instead you get preached at by people who don't belong there. It is annoying, and I absolutely get the way you feel.
No person is ever going to be perfect, and I have found that in any church, a little less than half the members have a flawed idea of how to properly serve the Lord and evangelize. They are only human, after all. The people you are dealing with are not the brightest bulbs, and are functioning on a Jehovahs Witnesses mentality. It's not great, and it will more often than not turn people away from the Lord.
TL;DR I ultimately agree with you, these people should not be invading your space, and if they are there for the same reason you are, there is something fundementally wrong with their take on this religion.
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Author papaarkansas
Posted On Sun Oct 25 23:19:46 UTC 2020
Score 1 as of Tue Oct 27 19:09:20 UTC 2020
Conversation Size 0
Body link
I guess I actually do read bible stories for fun they have a lot of interesting history. i am not an athiest I do believe in a supreme being. however wouldn't it be more fruitful looking for christian converts in Africa/latin america/charity. (those regions are the fastest growing among evangelicals).
i just notice a large pattern of evangelical types (this does NOT apply to you) acting like the "jehova's witnesses" of the manosphere (ie bringing up specifically evangelical/born-again christianity into men's issues without it being asked)
-hey you do you. I honeslty believe relgion can be a GOOD thing in some people's lives. I just find it a bit odd that evanglicalism/born-again in particular seems so fascinated with PUA/mgtow/incel content rather than folks in their local communities that are actually interested in converting into the faith.
submitted by jw_mentions to jw_mentions [link] [comments]

2020.10.21 15:37 thunder083 I have found my karma on this sub interesting as some accept a different view point of history while others refuse to do so. Interesting as Assassin Creed is partly meant to challenge our understanding of history. So here is my thoughts on it and the series in particular regard to the Vikings.

Now before people come in here screaming Karma whore am actually not bothered by it. I have posted this as, I continue to be fascinated how some accept our perceptions of history change and how some clearly don’t or are unwilling to engage when you provide a counter argument. One of the ways for me to see this is through the Karma system as similar posts have different downvote upvote results. I am also sorry as this will be a long post. The next 4 paragraphs provide context then I move on to Vikings. I apologise for length.
Moving on, I think both Black Flag with Pirates and Valhalla with Vikings are great titles for the series as they both clearly show history is not as simple as saying pirate/raider bad other guys good. Arguably Odyssey as well as it explores the Athenian and Spartan conflict of ideas and who is right or wrong in history. Simply put it is one of the core themes of the series. I say this as to me I find it interesting that people say we are playing a Viking how can we be good. Simply because they were not all conquering and raiding. It’s a bit like women in Greece after Odysseys release, not all of them were upper class Athenians or Spartans as that all we really know from written sources.
Now moving on from that last sentence on Vikings, the ideas of the Viking raiding and pillaging comes from two sources, popular media like TV shows and from some how they are taught history and where that teaching comes from. Now to start with I am from the UK and I understand this will not be the same for everyone. When I was taught history in primary and high school, it was like this The Vikings went here, did this and we know this from writer x who says that person did this. Now I used Vikings but it was the same for all time periods, it was very black and white with no shades of grey nuance or challenging of ideas. I feel a great failure here certainly when I was in school was the lack of analysis of the evidence, that should have happened in later years of my education. It is probably why I never did history later on. It was just supposed facts presented to you that may or may not be correct often outdated though.
Now I left school with very few qualifications but after a few years went to college then onto University to study Archaeology then a masters on Ancient Cultures. For clarity my interests are in the Late Bronze Age/ Early Iron Age trade and colonisation in particular the often over looked or down played Phoenicians. Even AC Odysseys discovery tour does this for Kythira. At University though I did two terms each on Celtic Civilisation and History. I also had courses on Vikings so while not my strong points I know enough of the basics though Vikings I took extra interest in their trading.
Enough about me and my biases, what’s that.... yes we all have biases in history it’s natural.So did those writing history or analysing history. So how they interpret and how I do it can result in different view points. For example there was no complete collapse of the Bronze Age system in my and others view. Now for some reading this they will say that is not what I was taught you are wrong or in the sub downvote downvote. And that is fine I challenged your view of history and you don’t like it. I would rather you engage on it but some do not feel comfortable or confident doing so and that is fair enough. But if you do then I would request then maybe doing some research and finding you were partly right and I was or you were wrong and I was right or even I was wrong and you can validate what you say.
Simply put though history and our understanding of it is never simple. And view points and understanding change with more evidence. The Vikings are certainly one example of this as our knowledge and understanding of the period has changed considerably over the last 100 years. With archaeology we have began to uncover a more complex picture of what happened and when. So we know from material culture, language and other sources that instead of Vikings we have different groups such as the Norse, Danes etc expanding beyond their shores. And each were different from the other even though they shared similar traits. It is the same for other groups such as the Germanic tribes or the Slavic migrations. It would be like putting Christian Europe together later on and saying they were the same culturally etc. It is the same for the Celtic world. I was downvoted for saying Ireland and Scotland were not in anyway similar. Despite in most areas at the time being Celtic there was regionally differences. And they were not tribes either just like the Danes weren’t as someone tried to argue with me about but organised societies that maybe featured different rulers.
In that I mean there may have been several Jarldoms, kingdoms or whatever in Denmark pre Viking but they were all mostly Dane. They were distinct though from the Norse. If we go to before the Viking expansion we can see these differences in language for example. The Norse spoke Old Norse while the Danes spoke a proto version of Norse. In Scotland we have Strathclyde, Dal Riada, Picts and other groups. Again through language despite closer proximity to each other we see distinct differences between them with Strathclyde having a P type Celtic language similar to Welsh and Dal Riada because it was mainly Irish settlers they a Q type Celtic language like Irish. We also see differences in art, material culture etc. It is the same in Scandinavia Pre and during the Viking period. And it is through those differences we can see which group went where Danes across Northern Europe and Eastern England, Norse to Shetland and Orkney and from their to mainland Scotland and down the western islands to the Isle of Man, Wales and Ireland. Apart from the evidence the reasons are logical as great as Viking ships they still faced considerable challenges traversing the North Sea so you go in smaller steps to each location. It’s maybe why the Swedes mainly went East. We see this idea in the Mediterranean as well you don’t just go from your Phoenician lands straight to Iberia you do it in smaller steps. I will stress that while the majority followed those paths naturally a minority would mix with other groups.
One problem to our understanding of the Vikings is the written evidence which rarely survives from the time period and is mostly from later periods. It is also from a later christian bias, so it has to critically analysed when used as evidence as reliability is an issue. So when we had less archaeology to help us, early Historians would gladly however take this written evidence and say they were violent raiders and pillagers. It is a view that has continued to resonate even though evidence from archaeology and other sources paint a more complex picture where they were also settling and were excellent traders. So while it’s natural to say based on what the majority were presented with in media and history lessons but why play the bad guys, the Vikings were much more complex than that. And this why it’s a great time period for Ubisoft to do
Ultimately the same can be said for any area or time period, again using the Mediterranean which has been dated according to the classical sources. So Carthage in the sources is dated to the 9th century BC. Evidence points however to a Punic presence in the area during 10th century BC much earlier than the written sources. So ask one person and they will go with the classical evidence ask someone else and they will go with the dating evidence. So our understanding of history is not set in stone and our interpretation can vary depending on sources used. So you could read through this and happily say he’s so wrong downvote downvote. But that is why I like Assassins Creed it challenges our understanding of history and then adds a fun story and concept on top of it.
So to finish despite liberties being taken with time period (understandable from a game play perspective) and who was who in game along with no Scotland, I am excited for Valhalla and can’t wait to play as a Viking raider.
Apologies for length, I love history and archaeology and love talking about it. And I found the contradictory downvote upvote interesting. Ultimately up though it’s what I enjoy about history in that we can all have our own interpretations of the evidence or from what we have been taught so it can be fun to discuss.
I just want to say again apologies for length and well done if you read it all.
submitted by thunder083 to assassinscreed [link] [comments]

2020.10.18 15:29 GabhaNua Is Halloween really based on Samhain?

Any enthusiast for Irish folklore will have heard the idea that the Irish Scots festival Halloween, the folk celebration of the eve of All Saints’ Day is based on the ancient Irish festival of Samhain. This idea is accepted without question here but is it reasonable? Folklorist Steve Roud argues that it is a myth. He posits that it is not true that the catholic Church designated November 1st All Saints Day to "Christianize" the pagan Celtic holiday. Roud says
"Certainly the festival of Samhain, meaning Summer's End, was by far the most important of the four quarter days in the medieval Irish calendar, and there was a sense that this was the time of year when the physical and supernatural worlds were closest and magical things could happen," Roud notes, "but however strong the evidence in Ireland, in Wales it was May 1 and New Year which took precedence, in Scotland there is hardly any mention of it until much later and in Anglo-Saxon England even less."

In the Dictionary of English Folklore, Roud, Steve and Simpson, Jacqueline. A Dictionary of English Folklore. New York: Oxford University Press, 2005. Available on Lib Gen
Halloween (31 October). The eve of a major Catholic festival, *All Saints (1 November), assigned to this date in the 8th century; next comes *All Souls (2 November), instituted c.1000 ad as a day to pray for the dead. In England since the 19th century, and increasingly in the 20th century, it has acquired a reputation as a night on which ghosts, witches, and fairies are especially active. Why this should be is debatable.
Currently, it is widely supposed that it originated as a pagan Celtic festival of the dead, related to the Irish and Scottish *Samhain (1 November) marking the onset of winter, a theory popularized by *Frazer. Certainly Samhain was a time for festive gatherings, and medieval Irish texts and later Irish, Welsh, and Scottish folklore use it as a setting for supernatural encounters, but there is no evidence that it was connected with the dead in pre-Christian times, or that pagan religious ceremonies were held (Hutton, 1996: 360–70).
Anglo-Saxon texts never mention this date. Bede notes that the native name for November had been Blod-monath, ‘Blood Month’ (when surplus livestock was slaughtered to save fodder, and some offered as sacrifices), but does not pinpoint one day as significant. From the Middle Ages through to the 19th century, there is no sign in England that 31October had any meaning except as the eve of All Saints’ Day, when bells might be joyfully rung (as also on Christmas Eve and Easter Eve). Mournful tolling marked All Souls’ Day,as a call to prayer for the dead. Reformers naturally objected to both, and under Elizabeth I ‘the superstitious ringing of bells at All hallowtide, and at All Souls’ Day, with the two nights before and after’ was prohibited (Strype’s Annals quoted in Hazlitt, 1905: 299). But prayer for the dead proved tenacious; there are scattered references from the 16th to the early 19th centuries to people praying in the open fields at night by the light of straw torches or small bonfires, especially in Lancashire and Derbyshire (Wright and Lones, 1940: iii. 109; Hutton, 1996: 372–4). Contrary to popular opinion, the link with fire is fairly late in England, the first allusion being from 1658, though implying a well established custom: ‘On All-Hallow e’en the master of the family anciently used to carry a bunch of straw, fired, about his corn’ (Sir William Dugdale, quoted in Hutton, 1996: 373). Early folklorists overstressed this aspect, pursuing solar symbolism and a parallel to the *Beltane fires.
Folklore collections of the later 19th and 20th centuries make remarkably little mention of Halloween in England (as against Scotland), and what there is comes mainly from northern counties. Most quote Scottish sources, especially Robert Burns’s poem ‘Halloween’, and it may well be that some customs detailed below were imported from Scotland to England through literary influences and fashions in Victorian times. Writing in the 1950s, Iona and Peter Opie demonstrated that Halloween was popular among children living to the north and west of a boundary running roughly south-west from the Humber to the Welsh border and then down the Severn, while those to the south and east hardly even noticed it (they celebrated *November the Fifth instead). Modern factors have eliminated this distinction, but its former presence supports the suspicion that Halloween was originally Scottish.
The most common 19th-century references are to love *divinations. All over the country, young people would lay two nuts (in some areas, two apple pips) side by side in the fire, named after themselves and their loved ones, to see whether they exploded or not; in the south, it was generally held that a loud pop was a good sign for the match, but northerners regarded this as bad. As on so many other nights, girls would put something under their pillows to dream of husbands: *rosemary and a crooked sixpence (Addy, 1895: 80), or, in Herefordshire, a sprig of churchyard *yew (Folk-Lore Journal 4 (1886), 111). An eyewitness account from Norfolk describes five men sitting all night round a pitchfork on which was placed a clean white shirt, believing that the sweetheart of one of them, ‘were she true to him’, would enter and remove it (Major Charles Loftus, My Life 1815–1849 (1877), 302–3; quoted in Wright and Lones, 1940: iii. 114–15). For other Halloween divinations, see *cabbage, *dumb cake, *sage, *three dishes.
Apples and nuts, readily available at this time, were a traditional Halloween food (hence its other name, ‘Nut-Crack Night’), and appear in several old games now revived for children’s parties. Players have to catch in their teeth apples floating in water, or hanging from a string, or balanced on a heap of flour. Whereas Scottish children disguised themselves and went house *visiting, English ones more commonly attended a fancy dress party indoors; they also traditionally played at scaring people with lanterns of hollowed turnips or swedes, carved into faces and with lighted candles inside (cf. *Punkie Night). In Yorkshire, they called this *Mischief Night and played tricks on all and sundry.
Halloween is one of the few festivals whose popularity has increased, not declined, in recent years. Since about 1980, the media have shown growing interest, shops are full of scary masks and witches’ hats, and children have taken to roaming the streets in costume, knocking on doors, saying a rhyme, and expecting money or sweets. They use pumpkins, not turnips, as lanterns. A hundred years ago, children’s *visiting customs of this type were commonplace, but they have declined so sharply that this new variant is surprising. It is clear from the use of the American term ‘Trick or Treat’ that it was a direct import from America, familiar to children from comics, cinema, and TV; a contributory factor was the tendency of schools and British children’s TV, at about the same time, to present it as a safer alternative to Guy Fawkes Night. There have been howls of protest in this country against the Americanization of British culture, the danger to children out at night, and/or the alarm caused to the elderly. Most vociferous is the backlash from fundamentalist Christians, and even many mainstream clergy, arguing that celebrating supernatural evil forces is morally dangerous, and the fact that it is ‘fun’ makes it worse. Neo-pagans added fuel to this fire by claiming Samhain is older than All Saints, and was hijacked by the Church. At the time of writing, this moral battle still rages, and many schools have opted to ignore Halloween, for the sake of peace.
See also *all saints, *all souls, *antrobus, *souling. Wright and Lones, 1940: iii. 107–20; Hutton, 1996: 360– 85; Opie and Opie, 1959: 268–76; Roger Homan, British Journal of Religious Education 14:1 (1991), 9–14
submitted by GabhaNua to IrishFolklore [link] [comments]

2020.10.18 05:27 thewilliambecker Me And That Man is underrated as hell

Behemoth is known for being a rather aggressive blackened death metal band with overtly religious/satanic themes. 2014’s “The Satanist” was Loudwire's best metal album of the decade. Nergal was once quoted having said, “Satan stands for everything that is dear to me.” Their song names include things like “O Father O Satan O Sun,” “Ora Pro Nobis Lucifer” and “Christians to the Lions.” Behemoth’s music is very dense, both lyrically and sonically, and as such, it is rather difficult for the average mainstream listener to appreciate. Like a lot of music that people find offensive or “edgy,” the darkness in the lyrical themes and stage antics can be often narrowed down to aesthetics, in a manner that isn’t too far removed from Ozzy Osbourne or Marilyn Manson. If you are on this subreddit, you probably don’t find much offense in the lyrical themes of black metal.
Me And That Man is a musical project on the polar opposite end of the spectrum from Behemoth, yet seems to root from the same set of ideas. Like Behemoth, the group is fronted by Nergal, but whereas Behemoth is abrasive and filled with growled vocals and hellish screams, Me And That Man is a country act that has swagger and is easily digestible. There’s none of that urban-country glam that comes from artists like Keith Urban or Luke Combs. There are no lyrics about hooking up with women, dirt roads, or cold beers. Instead, Me And That Man is just as heathenistic as Behemoth. “Now I wear my graveyard suit/ And I smoke a black cigaI sing 'Hosanna, Hosanna'/At the funeral of the god,” Nergal sings on “Cross My Heart and Hope To Die.” They’re gothic-folk, blues, and country meshed together to produce something that stands out from a lot of country music. To sum up Me And That Man, they’re an extremely gloomy country band with lyrics to match. They almost sound as depressive and dark as Johnny Cash did right before his death, if not more so. In some ways, they make me think of a much more exciting version of Colter Wall.
To date, Me And That Man has only released two albums, with a total combined run time of just under an hour and a half. Their music is easily digestible and offensively under-appreciated. Their first album came out in early 2017, and their second and most recent album came out in late march of 2020, making their already superb career still in its infantile stages.
"My Church Is Black" was the group’s first single and is a pretty good summary of the general sound. There’s little pieces of blues, country, and folk, along with the lyrics that are obnoxiously gothic Americana. It’s a unique sound, to say the least. It takes a mood and lyrics that would normally be associated with heavy metal and shoves them into a genre that is much more barebones and down-to-earth, making something that is hard to find anywhere else (unless you’re talking about American Recordings-era Johnny Cash, King Dude, or Wovenhand.) The music and mood associated is so simple yet unique that it becomes insanely infectious.
Speaking of Johnny Cash, "Cross My Heart and Hope To Die" isn’t too far off from something like “God’s Gonna Cut You Down,” mixing Nergal’s crooned vocals with a choir of children, an acoustic guitar, and a beat that sounds like traditional spiritual music. His polish accent cuts through the music, marking a sharp contrast to the southern twang of almost all other folk and country music.
If you’re looking for something that would be less likely to offend your religious aunts and uncles at Thanksgiving, "Męstwo," off of the band’s second album, “New Man, New Songs, Same Shit, Vol 1” is a beautiful melody written entirely in Nergal’s native language. Like much of their work, it focuses itself around simple rhythms and dark sounds. There’s something entrancing about Nergal’s raspy vocals.
One of the group’s best songs was released just before Christmas of 2019 in an almost hilarious sense of irony, "Burning Churches.” The song features Mat McNerney on vocals, giving an almost Irish folk sound to the track. It directly references the cathedral fire of Notre-Dame in April of 2019, as well as the infamous church burnings that are often associated with the genre of black metal. Anton LaVey, the founder of LaVeyan Satanism, also receives a tribute on the song. “Burning Churches” is an ode to the absurdism and brutality of the genre. These things shouldn’t necessarily be condoned, but the song showcases everything that is interesting about Me And That Man. It features lyrics that are self-aware about the ridiculous extremism of the genre, gloomy blues instrumentation, and McNerney’s unique accent provides for a rather addicting listen.
Love or hate the themes, Me And That Man is a band that demands the attention of the listener. There’s not a lot out there that matches the satanic overtones, melancholic lyrics, and doomy instrumentation of the group. They’re interesting and certainly worth checking out for anyone with an open mind when it comes to music, especially if you can understand that a lot of the references to Satanism are purely in the name of imagery. Don’t sleep on Me And That Man.
submitted by thewilliambecker to Behemothband [link] [comments]

2020.10.13 19:57 Turbowuff How are my fiance and I going to tell his extremely Christian family I'm trans?

Hi, I'm Cayden, I'm a 29yr old transguy and have been on T for 2 months. My family and friends all know and I have varying degrees of support (friends have known for years, nothing has changed, they all love me. Family still deadname and misgender, but are trying to be better) My fiance, is a 31yr old cis guy, and we have been dating for 9 years, engaged for nearly 2. I identified with my AGAB in the beginning of our relationship. He is accepting and loves me for me.
His family are all very, very religious bar a few of his cousins. Protestant and Northern Irish, need I say more?
Since I'm only 2 months on T not much has changed, my voice has gotten a little deeper, but I'll hopefully be getting top surgery in the next few months, and of course the longer I continue to be on T the more I'm going to change.
How the fuck do we tell his family I'm trans? I'm terrified they're going to give him an ultimatum, or disown him, or constantly badger him or me about my gender identity and how I'm a sinner or some other bullshit.
The go to advice I see a lot is "cut them out if they're not supportive" but it isn't as easy as that. We can't just stop all contact with his entire family.
If anyone has any literature that relates to trans people and Christianity and is positive I'd love to see it!
Fwiw we're both atheists, his parents know, but that doesn't stop them constantly sending us bible verses and the like.
submitted by Turbowuff to ask_transgender [link] [comments]

2020.10.12 19:26 StevenStevens43 The confessio of Saint Palladius

The confessio of Saint Palladius
Saint Patrick:
In this article i am going to attempt to prove the real identity of Saint Patrick beyond reasonable doubt.
I am also going to deal with the criticisms against the Irish legends regards to Saint Patrick, whilst perhaps investigating the political landscape of the time, in order to get a better understanding and grasp on the subject.
So to begin with, i will begin with modern day historians and scholars first debunk of the Irish legends.
According to professional scholars and historians, the Irish apparently involved themselves in a giant conspiracy to deceive mankind by attempting to push back the date of Niall of the nine hostages to accomodate as early an arrival time for the hero Saint Patrick, as possible.
Historicity and dates
[5]:pp. 78–79 to conclude that the events of the later half of the 5th century have been extended backwards to accommodate as early a date as possible for the arrival of Saint Patrick, with the effect of pushing Niall back up to half a century. Hughes says "Niall himself must have died not before the middle of the fifth century".[6]
Link for photo-_stained_glass,_Saint_Patrick-_detail.jpg)
Saint Patrick
Niall Nogiallach:
Now before tackling the above claim, i should probably begin with Niall Nogiallach, the Irish high king, who was accused of kidnapping Saint Patrick.
a Latin Life of Saint Patrick, says that Niall led Irish raids on Roman Britain, and in one of those raids Patrick and his sisters were abducted.
Confessio of Patrick:
And according to Saint Patrick's autobiography, he was indeed kidnapped in Britain by Irish raiders and taken back to Ireland to work as a slave on a farm before escaping after a period of six years.
Saint Patrick
According to the autobiographical Confessio of Patrick, when he was about sixteen, he was captured by Irish pirates from his home in Britain and taken as a slave to Ireland, looking after animals; he lived there for six years before escaping and returning to his family.
Link for
Alleged location of Saint Patricks slavery
87 Years of age:
Now what brought them to the conclusion that the Irish have conspired to bring Nialls lifetime backward, was the fact that at least one of Niall Nogiallach's sons lived to the ripe old age of 87 years of age, which seems an implausible long-time span for a single individual.
Historicity and dates
However, the early annals record the activities of his sons between 429 and 516, an implausibly long time-span for a single generation, leading scholars like Kathleen Hughes[6] and Francis J. Byrne[5]:pp. 78–79
Niall death:
Now, regards to Niall's death, depending upon which Irish source you choose to follow, you will pretty much get a date somewhere between 382 AD and 411 AD.
Historicity and dates
Niall is presumed, on the basis of the importance of his sons and grandsons, to have been a historical person,[5]:70 but the early Irish annals say little about him. The Annals of Inisfallen date his death before 382, and the Chronicon Scotorum to 411.[6] The later Annals of the Four Masters dates his reign to 379–405,[7] and the chronology of Geoffrey Keating's Foras Feasa ar Éirinn to 368–395.[8]
Nath I:
And for one of his sons, Nath I, a death date between 428 AD and 445 AD.
In the Annals of Ulster there is an entry for the year 445 which originally consisted solely of Nath Í's name. A later writer, presuming this to be his death notice, added the detail that he was struck by lightning in the Alps,[1] circumstances also recounted in the Lebor Gabála,[3] Keating[5] and the Annals of the Four Masters, the latter of which dates it to 428.[4]
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Nath I mac
Loegaire mac Neill:
And pretty much all sources tend to agree that Niall's other son, died 462 AD.
So, at first glance, i do not see anything untoward.
Loegaire mac Neill
Lóegaire (floruit fifth century) (reigned 428–458 AD, according to the Annals of the Four Masters of the Kingdom of Ireland)(died c. 462), also Lóeguire, is said to have been a son of Niall of the Nine Hostages. The Irish annals and king lists include him as a King of Tara or High King of Ireland. He appears as an adversary of Saint Patrick in several hagiographies.
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Loegaire mac Neill
Expert opinion:
Scholarly leaders have concluded that Niall's death must not be before the middle of the fifth century, and they date his death at 452 AD.
Though, they do not explain why his death must be around 450 AD, nor how they managed to conclude he died in 452 AD.
Historicity and dates
Hughes says "Niall himself must have died not before the middle of the fifth century".[6] Byrne, following James Carney, is a little more precise, dating his death to c. 452.[5]
Now, as for Saint Patrick, modern day historians and scholars that love to narrate gaelic legends to us, attribute the irish annals to setting a 432 AD arrival date for Saint Patrick..... But, they were compiled in the mid 6th century at the earliest, and therefore the only reliable opinion on the matter is that of the university professors of Oxford and Cambridge.
The Irish annals for the fifth century date Patrick's arrival in Ireland at 432, but they were compiled in the mid 6th century at the earliest.[15]
However, we know exactly when Saint Patrick arrived in Ireland, as it is recorded by the Bishops of Rome.
And he arrived in approximately 431 AD.
He sent Palladius) to Ireland to serve as a bishop in 431. Bishop Patrick continued this missionary work.
Pope Celestine I:
And we even know exactly why he was sent to Ireland.
It was to go to war with Pelagianism.
The new Heresy.
Pope Celestine I
Pope Celestine I (Latin: Caelestinus I) was the bishop of Rome from 10 September 422 to his death on 1 August 432. Celestine's tenure was largely spent combatting various ideologies deemed heretical. He supported the mission of the Gallic bishops that sent Germanus of Auxerre in 429, to Britain to address Pelagianism, and later commissioned Palladius) as bishop to the Scots of Ireland and northern Britain. In 430,
So what was Pelagianism?
Well, it was the type of Christianity that had been adopted by the Irish and Brits.
A cross between the teachings of Aleister Crowley and Jesus Christ.
Pelagianism is a heterodox Christian theological position which holds that the original sin did not taint human nature and that humans have the free will to achieve human perfection without divine grace. Pelagius (c. 355 – c. 420 CE), a British ascetic,
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Aleister Crowley
And Pelagianism was a Christian faith based upon the teachings of Pelagius, thought to be of British origins, around 354 AD, but also thought to have spent sometime being brought up in Ireland.
Pelagius was born about 354-360. He is said by his contemporaries, such as Augustine of Hippo, Prosper of Aquitaine, Marius Mercator, and Paul Orosius, to have been of British origin.[1] Jerome apparently thought that Pelagius was Irish, suggesting that he was "stuffed with Irish porridge"
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Now, there was definitely a time when most contemporary historians and scholars simply brushed off any Irish legends as complete hogwash.
But today, they are coming up with all kinds of conspiracy theories to explain why the Irish gave Saint Patrick an arrival date of 432 AD.
Can you guess why it was?
Well, it was because the Irish apparently wanted to minimise the reputation of Palladius, whilst maximising the reputation of Saint Patrick, suggesting they believe that Patrick's work was actually Palladius's.
The date 432 was probably chosen to minimise the contribution of Palladius), who was known to have been sent to Ireland in 431, and maximise that of Patrick.[17]
Patrick the elder:
And they say this, despite the fact that Palladius was known by the Irish as "Patrick the Elder".
[17] A variety of dates are given for his death. In 457 "the elder Patrick" (Irish: Patraic Sen) is said to have died: this may refer to the death of Palladius, who according to the Book of Armagh was also called Patrick.[17]
Saint Palladius:
But not only was he known as Patrick the elder, he was also known as Saint Patrick, by Scots and Irish.
Palladius, Bishop of Ireland)
Palladius (fl. A.D. 408–431; died c. A.D. 457/461) was the first bishop of the Christians of Ireland, preceding Saint Patrick; the two were perhaps conflated in many later Irish traditions. He was a deacon and member of one of the prominent families in Gaul. Pope Celestine I consecrated him a bishop and sent him to Ireland "to the Scotti believing in Christ".
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Saint Patrick's church, Aberdeen, Scotland
The Irish preferred a later date for Saint Patrick:
Now do you remember previously the historians and scholars were accusing the Irish of trying to bring Niall backward to accomodate the arrival of Patrick?
Well, apparently they did this at the same time as believing Patrick died in around 550 AD.
That is despite the fact that the Irish annals recorded an arrival date for Patrick of 432 AD.... "But"!
And in actual fact, it is the modern day historians that support the earlier arrival for Patrick. AHA!
While some modern historians[19] accept the earlier date of c. 460 for Patrick's death, scholars of early Irish history tend to prefer a later date, c. 493. Supporting the later date, the annals record that in 553 "the relics of Patrick were placed sixty years after his death in a shrine by Colum Cille" (emphasis added).[20] The death of Patrick's disciple Mochta is dated in the annals to 535 or 537,[20][21]
Roman Britain:
Now let us look at some similarities between the two Saint Patricks.
Saint Patrick junior was born in Roman Britain, though there are no records of this, and his actual birthplace is unknown.
His date of birth is also unknown.
Though Pelagius, was known to have been born in Roman Britain as well, and around 354 AD..
Patrick was born in Roman Britain. His birthplace is not known with any certainty;
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Saint Patrick in his Roman robe
Were as Patrick the elder was born in Gaul to nobles and high ranking church officials.
The Palladii were thought to be amongst the most noble families of Gaul, and several of them held high ranks in the Church of Gaul.[1]#cite_note-moran-1)
Saint Germanus:
Saint Patrick junior claims that he was ordained in to Priesthood by Saint Germanus.
But, no date is given for this.
Saint Germanus of Auxerre, a bishop of the Western Church, ordained him to the priesthood.[42]
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Saint Germanus
415 AD:
Saint Patrick the elder was ordained in 415 AD.
He seems to have been ordained as a priest around 415.
Germanus Deacon:
It is believed by historians that Saint Patrick the elder was a deacon for Saint Germanus.
Historian Kathleen Hughes) regards it as more probable that he was a deacon of St Germanus, and that Germanus sent him to Rome,[5]#cite_note-5)
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Saint Patrick learning from Saint Germanus
Saint Patrick junior is said to have arrived in Wicklow (Irleand).
Acting on his vision, Patrick returned to Ireland as a Christian missionary.[35] According to J. B. Bury, his landing place was Wicklow, Co. Wicklow,
Saint Patrick elder landed in Arklow.
.[7]#cite_note-7) Palladius landed at Arklow.
County Wicklow:
And it is the exact same place.
Arklow (/ˈɑːrkloʊ/; ARK-loh; from Old Norse Arnkell-lág 'meadow of Arnkell',[3] Irish: An tInbhear Mór, meaning "the great estuary") is a town in County Wicklow on the east coast of Ireland.
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Arklow port
And the missioners that arrived with Saint Patrick junior, are actually now believed to have arrived with Saint Patrick the elder.
Auxilius, Secundinus, and Iserninus are missioners identified with St. Patrick, but more recent research associates them not with Patrick but with Palladius.[8]#cite_note-8)
North Britain:
Saint Patrick the elder did not last long in Ireland, before a king of Ireland banished him.
Irish writers who chronicled the life of St Patrick state that St Palladius preached in Ireland before St Patrick, although he was soon banished by the King of Leinster, and returned to North Britain.[9]#cite_note-butler-9)
Was not taken as a slave:
A lesser known fact, is that Saint Patrick junior did not last long in Ireland either, before being banished, as he was suspected of financial irregularities, and lying about who he was, and they did not believe his story about being kidnapped and taken as a slave.
Much of the Declaration concerns charges made against Patrick by his fellow Christians at a trial. What these charges were, he does not say explicitly, but he writes that he returned the gifts which wealthy women gave him, did not accept payment for baptisms, nor for ordaining priests, and indeed paid for many gifts to kings and judges, and paid for the sons of chiefs to accompany him. It is concluded, therefore, that he was accused of some sort of financial impropriety, and perhaps of having obtained his bishopric in Ireland with personal gain in mind.[46]
The condemnation might have contributed to his decision to return to Ireland. According to Patrick's most recent biographer, Roy Flechner, the Confessio was written in part as a defence against his detractors, who did not believe that he was taken to Ireland as a slave, despite Patrick's vigorous insistence that he was.[47]
Bishop of Ireland:
Saint Patrick junior returned to a different part of Ireland, where he set himself up as a Bishop.
.[47] Patrick eventually returned to Ireland, probably settling in the west of the island, where, in later life, he became a bishop and ordained subordinate clerics.
Date of death:
There is only speculation as to when Saint Patrick junior died.
[17] A variety of dates are given for his death. In 457 "the elder Patrick" (Irish: Patraic Sen) is said to have died: this may refer to the death of Palladius, who according to the Book of Armagh was also called Patrick.[17] In 461/2 the annals say that "Here some record the repose of Patrick";[18]:19
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Saint Patrick buriel place
Palladius bishop of Ireland:
Though for Saint Patrick elder bishop of Ireland, the date appears to be a bit more definite.
Palladius bishop of Ireland#Ireland)
Palladius (fl. A.D. 408–431; died c. A.D. 457/461
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Saint Patrick cathedral, New york
418 AD:
And for Pelagius, it is a very definite 418 AD.
Pelagius (c. AD 354 – 418)
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Calvinist depiction of Pelagius
There are however Irish accounts that depict Saint Patrick as actually being a bit of a warlord.
7th Century writings
The Patrick portrayed by Tírechán and Muirchu is a martial figure, who contests with druids, overthrows pagan idols, and curses kings and kingdoms.[68] On occasion, their accounts contradict Patrick's own writings: Tírechán states that Patrick accepted gifts from female converts although Patrick himself flatly denies this.
Accept faith or die:
The Irish annals depict Saint Patrick of telling Irish high king Logaire mac Neill, to accept the faith or die.
Saint Patrick
Lóegaire is warned by the saint that he must accept the faith or die.
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Saint Patrick banishing the snakes
Modern day historians and scholars however question whether this is an accurate depiction of Saint Patricks time.
7th Century writings
The martial Patrick found in Tírechán and Muirchu, and in later accounts, echoes similar figures found during the conversion of the Roman Empire to Christianity. It may be doubted whether such accounts are an accurate representation of Patrick's time,
They question this, even though this period is during a period when the Roman military are in their death throws and desperately attempting to keep a Roman military presence in Britain, and appear to be so desperate, they even have Saint Germanus lead a military revolt against Saxons and Picts.
Visit to Britain
Constantius also recounts the miraculous healing of the blind daughter of 'a man with tribunician power'.[2] This use of the word tribune may imply the existence of some form of post-Roman government system. However, in Constantius' lifetime tribune had acquired a looser definition, and often was used to indicate any military officer, whether part of the Imperial army or part of a town militia.
Germanus led the native Britons to a victory against Pictish and Saxon raiders.
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Germanus of Auxerre
Noblest in Gaul:
It is quite clear that to Irish ears, accept the faith or die, will translate to accept the faith of the Pope, or Saint Germanus and his very close relative and Roman military leader Constantinius and his army are coming over.
Early life
Germanus was the son of Rusticus and Germanilla, and his family was one of the noblest in Gaul in the latter portion of the fourth century.
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Saint Patrick statue
Jugglers and mimes:
Now after all this, i simply cannot believe that a scholar or historian can still believe their own conclusions.
Even with Loegaire mac Neills biography they accuse the Irish of giving him an exessively long 87 year life span in order to accomodate Saint Patrick.
Sons of Niall
Both writers had Patrick come to Ireland in Lóegaire's reign and meet with him. Since the annals provided two death dates for Patrick, 461 and 493, Lóegaire's reign was made to fit these, and in general the earlier date. For the later date, Lóegaire's son Lugaid appears to have served the same adversary role.[1]
Pope Leo I:
Now, whilst Saint Germanus is in Britain fighting Picts and Saxons in armed military conflict, Pope Leo I is ordaining the beliefs that Catholics will follow.
For the first time ever, during the reign of Pope Leo I, Mary becomes the Mother of God, And Jesus becomes born to a virgin, and becomes both the lord and son of King David.
Have they never considered for even one moment, that it might actually have been the anti-Pelagius missionaries that changed the dates to suit the arrival of Saint Palladius?
Teaching on Christ
To Leo the Great, Mariology is determined by Christology. If Christ were divine only, everything about him would be divine. Only his divinity would have been crucified, buried and resurrected. Mary would only be the mother of God, and Christians would have no hope for their own resurrection. The nucleus of Christianity would be destroyed.[12] The most unusual beginning of a truly human life through her was to give birth to Jesus, the Lord and Son of King David.[13]
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Pope Leo I
And Pelagius was actually held in very high esteem by many.
Not everyone was against him.
In fact, Augustine, considered a pillar of the church, referred to him as a Saint.
He was well educated, fluent in both Greek and Latin, and learned in theology. He spent time as an ascetic, focusing on practical asceticism. He was well known in Rome, both for the harsh asceticism of his public life and the power and persuasiveness of his speech. His reputation earned him praise early in his career even from such pillars of the Church as Augustine, who referred to him as a "saintly man."
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Saint Augustine
I would say it is far more likely that it is a case of those that accepted the faith of the pope, accepting changing the dates of Irish history to accomodate shifting the early years of Saint Pelagius over to that of Saint Palladius.
submitted by StevenStevens43 to AhrensburgCulture [link] [comments]

2020.10.11 20:04 CindyMorrisonwatts1 (Discussion) Halloween: Why do we celebrate it, what exactly is it and what did the Druid have to do with it?

(Discussion) Halloween: Why do we celebrate it, what exactly is it and what did the Druid have to do with it?

Halloween: Why do we celebrate it, what exactly is it and what did the druid have to do with it?
By David Morton
When the doorbell rings and you’re confronted by a group of pint-sized witches, zombies and vampires wanting a trick or a treat, it’s the culmination of centuries of tradition and history.
If, in recent years, Halloween has become a celebration of Americanized commercialism, its roots stretch back much further than Scream masks and pumpkin pies.
The festival has its origins in the mists of time - and some of its features remain consistent across different cultures.
October 31, is the last day of the Celtic calendar. It was originally a pagan holiday, honouring the dead.
Halloween can be traced back to the Druids, a Celtic culture in Ireland, Britain and northern Europe. Its roots lay in the Druid feast of Samhain, which fell annually on October 31 when the dead were remembered.
Samhain marked “summer’s end” and was a harvest festival with huge sacred bonfires, signifying the end of the Celtic year and beginning of a new one.
The Celts believed the souls of the dead roamed the streets and villages at night.
Since not all spirits were thought to be friendly, gifts and treats were left out to pacify the evil and ensure next year’s crops would be plentiful.
In the Christian tradition, Halloween was also known as All Hallows Eve and dates back to the first millennium.
It was the evening before All Saints Day, created to convert pagans, and is celebrated on November 1.
Fast forward to the second half of the 19th century, and America was flooded with immigrants.
The newcomers, especially the millions of Irish fleeing Ireland’s potato famine of 1846, helped to popularise the celebration of Halloween in America.
Drawing on Irish and English traditions, Americans began to dress up in costumes and go house to house asking for food or money, a practice that eventually became today’s trick-or-treat tradition.
However, trick-or-treating also has links to the early All Souls’ Day parades in England.
During the festivities, poor people would beg for food, and families would give them pastries called “soul cakes” in return for their promise to pray for the family’s dead relatives.

Children would later visit houses in their neighborhood and be given ale, food, and money.
Far from being a recent Americanized innovation, the trick-or-treat tradition has come back to us in a roundabout fashion.
Right, where’s my turnip?
#halloween #realhalloween #druidhalloween #originofhalloween #halloween #trickortreat #halloween2020 #theoriginofhalloween #druidhalloween #druidshalloween #halloweenfun #occulthalloween #occultism #occultholidays #happyhalloween
Disclaimer: Although gathered from credible sources, some or all of this article may be false. Or some or all may be true. I cannot validate either. Some of the photos and art submitted are from online followers and may not be accurate depictions of the things, people or places they may be referring to. I do not hold any responsibility for submitted photos, art or submitted articles. All art, photos and articles are copyright of their respective creators. This is a thread and subreddit dedicated to mythology and lore and some of the topics and postings here may be completely false, partially false or may be entirely true. Me and my moderators cannot vouch for either.
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2020.10.10 14:25 RebornInLife Prophecies of St. Malachy

Prophecies of St. Malachy
St. Malachy was given much attention after the seemingly accurate predictions of the previous two popes before Pope Francis which were attributed to him.
But is the St. Malachy prophecy real, and does it truly predict the future? The answers to those questions are left up to to discernment and likely require more research
Saint Malachy was born in 1094 at Armagh, Ireland and died on November 2, 1148. St. Malachy was canonized in 1190 by Pope Clement III. This was the first papal canonization of an Irish saint. The source of the prophecy attributed to him is still up for debate, but the following is how it is usually related:
While in Rome in 1139 St. Malachy received a vision showing him all the Popes from his day to the end of time. He wrote poetic descriptions of each of the pontiffs and presented the complete manuscript to Pope Innocent II, but the prophecies were forgotten in the Vatican until 1590. These mottoes in the prophecies usually refer to a family name, birthplace, a coat-of-arms, or an office held before election to the papacy.
For example, Pope Pius II, who was Pope for just 26 days in 1503, was prophesied by St. Malachy as “De Parvo Homine,” which means ‘from a little man.’ His family name was Piccolomini, Italian for “little man.” Also, St. Malachy sometimed use the Pope’s personal history to make a motto. Pope Clement XIII (1758), who had conenctions with the government of the Italian state of Umbria and whose emblem was a rose, was called by Malachy ‘Rosa Umbriae,’ the “Rose of Umbria.”
According to the St. Malachy prophecies, Pope Francis is the last pope. Below you will find the last 9 Popes as predicted by St. Malachy, each beginning with the motto ascribed to the pontiff.

Malachy's Prophecies - The Last 10 Popes

  1. The Burning Fire. PIUS X. 1903-1914. This Pope showed a burning passion for spiritual renewal in the Church.
  2. Religion Laid Waste. BENEDICT XV. 1914-1922. During this Pope's reign saw Communism move into Russia where religious life was laid waste, and World War I with the death of millions of Christians who were carnage in Flanders Field and elsewhere.
  3. Unshaken Faith. PIUS XI. 1922-1939. This Pope faced tremendous pressure from fascist and sinister powers in Germany and Italy, but he was an outspoken critic of Communism and Fascism which enraged Hitler.
  4. An Angelic Shepherd. PIUS XII. 1939-1958. This Pope had an affinity for the spiritual world and received visions which have not been made public. Peter Bander says Pius XII "has emerged as one of the great Popes of all time," and he "was in the truest sense of the word an Angelic Pastor to the flock..."
  5. Pastor and Mariner. JOHN XXIII. 1958-1963. John was a pastor to the world, much beloved, and the Patriarch of Venice. The connection to "mariner" is thus remarkable.
  6. Flower of Flowers. PAUL VI. 1963-1978. Paul's coat-of-arms depicts three fleurs-de-lis, corresponding to Malachay's prophecy. His coat of arms included three fleurs-de-lis (iris blossoms).
  7. Of the Half Moon. JOHN PAUL I. 1978-1978. John Paul I was elected Pope on August 26, 1978, when there was a half moon. He reigned 33 days, that is, about one month, when he died, although many think he was murdered. He was the 109th Pope - is "De Medietate Lunae" (Of the Half Moon). The corresponding pope was John Paul I (1978-78), who was born in the diocese of Belluno (beautiful moon) and was baptized Albino Luciani (white light). He became pope on August 26, 1978, when the moon appeared exactly half full. It was in its waning phase. He died the following month, soon after an eclipse of the moon.
  8. The Labor of the Son. JOHN PAUL II. 1978-2005. Pope John Paul II was the most traveled Pope in history. He circled the globe numerous times, preaching to huge audiences everywhere he went. He survived an assassination attempt. He has written a book which has enjoyed a large circulation. Like the sun which never ceases to labor and provides light daily, this Pope has been incessant. He was born on May 18, 1920. On that date in the morning there was a near total eclipse of the sun over Europe. Prophecy - The 110th Pope is "De Labore Solis" (Of the Solar Eclipse, or, From the Toil of the Sun). Like the sun he came out of the East (Poland).
  9. The Glory of the Olive. The Order of St. BENEDICT has said this Pope will come from their order. It is interesting that Jesus gave his apocalyptic prophecy about the end of time from the Mount of Olives. This Pope will reign during the beginning of the tribulation Jesus spoke of. The 111th prophesy is "Gloria Olivae" (The Glory of the Olive). The Order of Saint Benedict has claimed that this pope will come from their ranks. Saint Benedict himself prophesied that before the end of the world his Order, known also as the Olivetans, will triumphantly lead the Catholic Church in its fight against evil.
  10. Peter the Roman - This final Pope will likely be Satan, taking the form of a man named Peter who will gain a worldwide allegiance and adoration. He will be the final antichrist which prophecy students have long foretold. If it were possible, even the very elect would be deceived. The 112th prophesy states: "In the final persecution of the Holy Roman Church there will reign Petrus Romanus, who will feed his flock amid many tribulations; after which the seven-hilled city will be destroyed and the dreadful Judge will judge the people. The End."
submitted by RebornInLife to PropheciesOfTheFuture [link] [comments]

2020.10.07 06:58 StevenStevens43 King Art Oenfer III & the barbarica conspiratio

King Art Oenfer III & the barbarica conspiratio
King Art Oenfer & Son:
In this article, i will be looking in to some more of Geoffrey of Monmouth's claims, and the criticisms against him.
However there is crucial information in a previous article i wrote, which should be read first, before coming back to read this one.
I shall leave the link below.
King Art Oenfer & Son <<<< Link for article
Link for photo
King Arthur
Art Oenfer III:
Now i will begin this article with Geoffrey's first claim.
He claims that the legendary Octavius is the same person as the legendary Eudaf Hen in Welsh tradition.
He also claims that Octavius was a direct answer of King Arthur.
But that is why you need to read the article i linked to, in order to understand how this may actually be Art Oenfer.
Eudaf Hen
Eudaf Hen (Eudaf "the Old") is a figure of Welsh tradition. He is remembered as a King of the Britons and the father of Elen Luyddog and Conan Meriadoc in sources such as the Welsh prose tale The Dream of Macsen Wledig and Geoffrey of Monmouth's Latin chronicle Historia Regum Britanniae. He also figures into Welsh genealogies. Geoffrey of Monmouth calls him Octavius, a corruption and faux-Latinization of Old Welsh/Breton Outham (later spelled Eudaf).[1] According to the medieval Welsh genealogy from Mostyn MS. 117, Eudaf was a direct ancestor of King Arthur.
Geoffrey also claims that Octavius is the half brother of Constantine I.
Geoffrey of Monmouth
Geoffrey of Monmouth, in his Historia Regum Britanniae, renders the name in pseudo-Latin form as Octavius and introduces him as a half-brother to Constantine I,
Link for photo
Constantine the Great
However, as Constantine I was already mentioned by Geoffrey of Monmouth as being the son of Constantinius and Helen, it is very doubtful that the exact same author is going to attribute the exact same story to Constantinius's son.
Geoffrey of Monmouth
[50] and Geoffrey of Monmouth repeated the claim in his 1136 History of the Kings of Britain. Geoffrey related that Constantius was sent to Britain by the Senate after Asclepiodotus (here a British king) was overthrown by Coel of Colchester. Coel submitted to Constantius and agreed to pay tribute to Rome, but died only eight days later. Constantius married his daughter Helena and became king of Britain.
Constans I:
Quite simply, i think historians and scholars have gotten mixed up with one of the sons of Constantine the Great, Constans I, who is of course, also a Constantine.
Constans I
Flavius Julius Constans (c. 320 – 350) was Roman emperor from 337 to 350. He defeated his brother Constantine II) in 340, but anger in the army over his personal life (homosexuality) and favouritism towards his barbarian bodyguards led the general Magnentius to rebel, resulting in the assassination of Constans in 350.
Link for photo
Constans I
Constans I is the son of Constantine the Great, to his second wife Fausta.
Constans was probably born in 320.[1] He was the third and youngest son of Constantine the Great and Fausta, his father's second wife.[3]
By (User:Mbzt), 2012, CC BY 3.0,
And he has a half Brother named Crispus, from Constantine the Great's first marraige, to Minervina.
Early life
Crispus's year and place of birth are uncertain. He is considered likely to have been born between 299 and 305, possibly as early as 295, somewhere in the eastern Roman Empire. The earliest date is most likely, since he was being tutored in 309–310 by Lactantius.[2] His mother Minervina was either a concubine or a first wife to Constantine.
Link for photo.png)
Coin of Crispus
However, both Fausta and Crispus were executed by Constantine the great.
The reason for this is thought to be because Crispus was having an affair with Fausta.
In 326, Fausta was put to death by Constantine, following the execution of Crispus, his eldest son by Minervina. The circumstances surrounding the two deaths were unclear. Various explanations have been suggested; in one, Fausta is set jealously against Crispus, as in the anonymous Epitome de Caesaribus,[2] or conversely her adultery, perhaps with the stepson who was close to her in age, is suggested.
Damnatio memoriae:
Therefore, the reason historians and scholars have no records of a line-age descended from this half brother relationship between Constans I & Crispus, is because Constantine the Great took out a Damnatio memoriae, which wiped Crispus and Fausta from the history records.
However he also took the Damnatio memoriae out on Crispus's wife Helena and their Son, who's name we do not even know, because they were deleted from official documents.
There is however nothing to suggest that Helena and her son, were also executed.
Crispus, his wife Helena and their son also suffered damnatio memoriae, meaning their names were never mentioned again and deleted from all official documents and monuments. The eventual fate of Helena and her son is a mystery.
So, just like Caesarion, son of Julius Caesar, and the last Egyptian pharoah and the rightful heir to the Roman throne, was murdered by Octavian to prevent him becoming Roman emperor, the son of Helena, whos memory and existence is written out of records, is actually the rightful heir to the Roman throne, being the only son of Constantine the Great's first son.
Ptolemy XV Philopator Philometor Caesar (Koinē Greek: Πτολεμαῖος, Ptolemaĩos; 23 June 47 BC – 23 August 30 BC),[1] better known by the nickname Caesarion (Καισαρίων Caesariō), was the last pharaoh of ancient Egypt, reigning with his mother Cleopatra from 2 September 44 BC until her death by 12 August 30 BC, and as sole ruler until his death was ordered by Octavian, the later Roman emperor Augustus.
Link for photo
So what about this claim from Geoffrey, that Constantine was made Roman emperor requiring him to leave Britain in the hands of a proconsul?
Geoffrey of Monmouth
Eventually Constantine is made Roman Emperor, requiring him to leave Britain in the hands of a proconsul. Octavius (Eudaf Hen), rebels against Roman rule, killing the proconsul and proclaiming himself king.
Constantinian dynasty:
Well quite simply, from the 290's AD, right up until the date of June 363 AD, the British high kingship has been held by the Constantines in one form or other.
Whether it be Constantine. Constans. Constantinius.
Until the death of Julian Constantius, Britain had been in the hands of the Constantinian dynasty.
Julian[i]#citenote-3) (Latin: Flavius Claudius Julianus; Greek: Ἰουλιανὸς, Ioulianòs; 331 – 26 June 363) was Roman emperor from 361 to 363, as well as a notable philosopher and author in Greek.[[3]]( His rejection of Christianity, and his promotion of Neoplatonic Hellenism in its place, caused him to be remembered as Julian the Apostate by the Christian Church.[[4]]([[5]](
A member of the Constantinian dynasty,
Link for photo#/media/File:Iulianus_Flavius_Claudius._Giuliano_l'Apostata.jpg)
Julian Constantius
Saxonici Nectaridus & Fullofaudes:
So this consul can only be one of two people.
Emperor Valentinian I's senior military officer's. Saxonici Nectaridus, and Fullofaudes.
The great conspiracy
In 367, Valentinian received reports from Britain that a combined force of Picts, Attacotti and Scots had killed the Comes litoris Saxonici Nectaridus and Dux Britanniarum Fullofaudes.
Link for photo
Valentinian I
Now, according to words attributed to Geoffrey, Constantine (who must be valentinius) responds by sending by sending troops under the command of his great uncle Trehern.
Geoffrey of Monmouth
Constantine responds by sending three legions to Britain under the command of his great-uncle Trahern, the brother of the late King Coel.
Count Theodosius the Elder:
This can only be the person that has replaced the assassinated British military governors, Count Theodosius the Elder.
Count Theodosius
Flavius Theodosius (died 376), known as Count Theodosius (Latin: Comes) or Theodosius the Elder, was a senior military officer serving Emperor Valentinian I and the Western Roman Empire. His son was the Emperor Theodosius I. He was granted the title of Comes Rei Militaris per Britanniarum (Commander of the Troops of the Diocese of the Britains)
Flavius Octavius:
Now, rather surprisingly, and very interestingly, Theodosius's ancestry does actually appear to recognise Octavius as his nephew, and Flavius Constantinus as Octavius's cousin.
Theodosiuses relatives and near relatives
Nephews: Flavius Magnus Maximus Augustus / Flavius Octavius / Flavius Constantinus
Empress Justina:
And if you are wondering why this is, it is because they are all closely related, through Roman empress, and wife of Valentinian I, Justina.
In fact, Timothy Barnes claims that Justina could be Octavius's daughter.
If that were true, then Flavias Octavius Constantine would be Valentinian I's father in law.
Justina (c. 340 – c. 388) was the second wife of the Roman Emperor Valentinian I (reigned 364–375) and the mother of Valentinian II (reigned 375–392), Galla), Grata and Justa.
An unnamed sister was mentioned by Ammianus Marcellinus as mother of Maximus), praefectus urbi of Rome under Julian the Apostate.[4]#cite_note-PLRE1-4)
Although Timothy Barnes has theorised that Justina was a granddaughter or great-granddaughter of Crispus through her unnamed mother[3]#citenote-Noel_Emmanuel_Lenski_2002_page_103-3)[[5]]( (Crispus was the only son of Constantine I and Minervina),[[6]]( it seems more probable that she was in fact the granddaughter of Julius Constantius, son of Constantius Chlorus and half-brother of Constantine the Great. Justina's mother was probably a daughter of Julius Constantius and his first wife, the aforementioned Galla). Hence, this makes Justina at the heart of the family connexions between the dynasties of the Constantines, the Valentinians and the Theodosians.[[7]](
So what evidence is there to support the claim that Octavius has gotten in to a war with his uncle Theodosius, and alleged Son in law?
As alleged by Geoffrey, below.
Geoffrey of Monmouth
Trahern lands at "Kaerperis" and captures it, forcing Octavius to conscript all the island into the army to combat the Roman legions. Octavius engages Trahern in a field outside Winchester and is victorious.
Well, to begin with, there is the son of Justina's sister, Maximus, as i copied and pasted two quotes above.
Maximus has a brother in law named Valentinus who has committed a horrendous crime and was sent in to exile in Britain were he appears to have gotten himself engaged in Octavius's revolt and Count Theodosius the Elder is attempting to put it down.
In 369 AD, Maximinus' brother in law, Valentinus) committed an unrecorded but very serious crime. Maximinus was able to have Valentinus' sentence commuted from execution to exile and he was sent to Britain where he began planning a revolt that had to be put down by Count Theodosius.
King Gunbert:
The next part of Geoffrey's history has Trahern/Theodosius defeat Ovtavius in Alba, and Octavius flees to an ally in Norway.
Geoffrey of Monmouth
Trahern flees to Alba (Scotland) and pillages the land, and Octavius comes after him. They meet at Westmorland, and Octavius was defeated and forced out of Britain. Trahern takes the crown himself, while Octavius seeks aid from King Gunbert of Norway.
Ermanaric empire:
Well, a likely Scandinavian king for Octavius to run to would be Ermanaric.
The Gothic Alexander with an empire that is crushing the Romans already.
Not to mention the likely coincidental 100% anagram of the word American.
Historical Ermanaric
According to Jordanes' Getica, Ermanaric ruled the realm of Oium. He describes him as a "Gothic Alexander" who "ruled all the nations of Scythia and Germania as they were his own".
House of Amal:
And Ermanaric is leader of the house of Amal, which was set up to oppose the Roman empire.
And from Theodemir, to Theodahad, the name "Theo" has been the most prominant name throughout the quite long history of the Ermanaric empire.
The Amali – also called Amals, Amalings or Amalungs – were a leading dynasty of the Goths, a Germanic people who confronted the Roman Empire during the decline of the Western Roman Empire.[1] They eventually became the royal house of the Ostrogoths and founded the Ostrogothic Kingdom of Italy.[2]
The Amali remained a prominent family as the Greuthungi evolved into the Ostrogoths, became vassals of the Huns and moved west. In 453, the Ostrogoths regained their independence under the Amali, Theodemir). According to Jordanes,
Barbarica conspirato:
Now this brings me to the Great conspiracy.
The great conspiracy
The Great Conspiracy was a year-long state of war and disorder that occurred in Roman Britain near the end of the Roman rule of the island. The historian Ammianus Marcellinus described it as a barbarica conspiratio
Link for photo
Raids in to Northern Gaul
The great conspiracy:
In the year 367 AD Picts from Caledonia, invaded Northern Gaul from the North of Hadrians wall.
Joined by Attacotti, and Hibernians from Wales, Cornwall and Ireland respectively, and Saxons and Franks landing in Northern Gaul from Southern Gaul, in what appears to have been a highly co-ordinated military campaign.
The conspiracy
In the winter of 367, the Roman garrison on Hadrian's Wall rebelled, and allowed Picts from Caledonia to enter Britannia. Simultaneously, Attacotti, the Scotti from Hibernia, and Saxons from Germania landed in what might have been coordinated and pre-arranged[citation needed] waves on the island's mid-western and southeastern borders, respectively. Franks and Saxons also landed in northern Gaul.
Northern Gaul:
Valentinian I, fearing losing Northern Gaul altogether, made his way to the island of Britain.
The great conspiracy
At the same time, Frankish and Saxon forces were raiding the coastal areas of northern Gaul. The empire was in the midst of the Great Conspiracy – and was in danger of losing control of Britain altogether. Valentinian set out for Britain, sending Comes domesticorum Severus ahead of him to investigate. Severus was not able to correct the situation and returned to Gaul,
Niall Noígíallach:
The Hibernian raids were probably led by Niall of the nine hostages Noigiallach, who is said to have taken Saint Patrick hostage during one of his raids on Romano-Britain.
Keating, quoting a Latin Life of Saint Patrick, says that Niall led Irish raids on Roman Britain, and in one of those raids Patrick and his sisters were abducted.
Link for photo-_stained_glass,_Saint_Patrick-_detail.jpg)
Saint Patrick
Patrick's confessions:
And this is written in Patrick's confessions.
According to the Confession of Saint Patrick, at the age of sixteen he was captured by a group of Irish pirates.[35] They took him to Ireland where he was enslaved and held captive for six years. Patrick writes in the Confession[35]
Link for photo,_August_2009.JPG)
Saint Patrick's historic district
Crimthann Mor:
And the Caledonians likely by Crimthann Mor.
Crimthann mac Fidaig
Crimthann Mór, son of Fidach /ˈkriːvən ˈmɔːr mæk ˈfiːaɪ/, also written Crimthand Mór, was a semi-mythological king of Munster and High King of Ireland of the 4th century. He gained territory in Britain and Gaul, but died poisoned by his sister Mongfind. It is possible that he was also recognised as king of Scotland.
Dind tradui:
Crimthann Mor is credited with building a fortress in Cornwall, named Dind tradui.
Dind tradui
Crimthand Mór mac Fidaig built a great fortress in Cornwall known as Dind Traduí or Dinn Tradui (Dun Tredui/e, fortress of the three ramparts).[4] There appears to be little doubt that it existed,[5]
Link for photo
Cornish harbour thought to have been used as an Irish port
The Saxons are likely led by Sachell balb, Nialls Father in law.
Eochaid Mugmedon
According to the saga "The Adventures of the Sons of Eochaid Mugmedon",[3] he is said to have had two wives: Mongfind, daughter of Fidach, who bore him four sons, Brion), Ailill, Fiachrae and Fergus; and Cairenn Chasdub, daughter of Sachell Balb, king of the Saxons, who bore him his most famous son, Niall.
Wales & Cornwall:
The Hibernians likely used Wales and Cornwall to invade Northern Gaul.
Irish settlement
It was at this time[32] that Wales received an infusion of settlers from southern Ireland, the Uí Liatháin, Laigin, and possibly Déisi,[33][34][35] the last no longer seen as certain, with only the first two verified by reliable sources and place-name evidence. The Irish were concentrated along the southern and western coasts, in Anglesey and Gwynedd (excepting the cantrefi of Arfon and Arllechwedd), and in the territory of the Demetae.
The circumstances of their arrival are unknown, and theories include categorising them as "raiders", as "invaders"
Link for photo
Irish settlements
The initial end result was not good for the Brits.
The Romans actually managed to do something that no other emperor before Valentinius had been able to do, and that was conquer Caledonia.
In memory to Valentinus the defeated rebel, Caledonia was renamed Valentia.
The great conspiracy
In 369, Theodosius set about reconquering the areas north of London; putting down the revolt of Valentinus), the brother-in-law of a vicarius, Maximinus). Subsequently, Theodosius restored the rest of Britain to the empire and rebuilt many fortifications – renaming northern Britain 'Valentia)'.
With that resolved, Valentinian I turned his attentions to defeating the Alamanni (Amal dynasty).
The great conspiracy
Severus and Jovinus were to accompany the emperor on his campaign against the Alamanni.
Trahern death:
The only problem is, Geoffrey had said that Trahern gets killed by Octavius's allies, allowing Octavius to reassume the Alba throne.
So what happened?
Geoffrey of Monmouth
In Britain, supporters of Octavius ambush Trahern and kill him near London, allowing Octavius to return to Britain.
November 17, 375 ad:
Well the first to go would be Valentinian I, when during a heated argument with some Alamanni, he burst a blood vessel in his skull.
Valentinian I
The attitude of the envoys so enraged Valentinian that he suffered a burst blood vessel in the skull while angrily yelling at them, provoking his death[44] on November 17, 375.
Days later:
Next to go was Theodosius.
.[17] In 375, when Emperor Valentinian suddenly died, Theodosius was still in Africa. Orders arrived for Theodosius to be arrested; he was taken to Carthage, and put to death in early 376. The reasons for this are not clear, but it is thought to have resulted from a factional power struggle in Italy after the sudden death of Emperor Valentinian in November 375.
Now yet again we have a Helen.
This time it is Geoffrey of Monmouth stating that Octavius has agreed in 383 AD to allow his daughter Helen to marry Roman emperor Magnus Maximus.
Geoffrey of Monmouth
Eventually, Caradocus, Duke of Cornwall, suggests that Octavius marry his only daughter Helen to the new Roman Emperor, Maximianus (Magnus Maximus), thereby uniting the British and Roman crowns. Octavius agrees, and Caradocus' son Mauricius is sent to Rome with the proposal.
Magnus Maximus:
So what is the truth in this?
Well Maximus is credited with freeing Wales.
Role in Breton and British rule
Maximus's bid for imperial power in 383 coincides with the last date for any evidence of a Roman military presence in Wales,
Link for photo_A_king,_possibly_Magnus_Maximus,_holding_a_sceptre.jpg)
Magnus Maximus
Magnus's wife:
Unfortunately this is one claim that can neither easily be verified, nor contradicted, as quite simply, his family was massacred, and nothing is known regarding who his wife was.
Though, he did have a wife, apparently.
Fate of family
What exactly happened to Maximus's family after his downfall is not recorded. He is known to have had a wife, who is recorded as having sought spiritual counsel from St. Martin of Tours
Niall death:
In 395 ad it is thought that Niall lost his life during a raid on Romano Britain.
Byrne suggests that Niall's death took place during a raid on Roman Britain.
submitted by StevenStevens43 to AhrensburgCulture [link] [comments]

2020.10.06 02:55 Unknown-Language-94 How do I tell boyfriend I am Pagan?

So my boyfriend and I have been dating for almost 6 years. We met in college and have talked about marriage and kids. We've had almost all the hard conversations except for one. My religion. When we met he knew I was raised Christian but also knew that I had left the Christian church when I was 13. I never felt Christian but was just going along with it since it was important to my parents until middle school when I was given the option to no longer attend. Around 18 I found Norse Paganism and everything just clicked. (I'm Irish/German and my heritage has always been important to me) Now I've been practicing for nearly 8 years.
I never shared this part of myself except with a close friend or other Pagans though. Living in the South you can face a lot of discrimination if you are not Christian. (I've had a few scary encounters myself when I was caught wearing my pentacle) This is a part of myself that I love but also a part of myself I hold very personal so I don't feel the need to share it. The thing is my boyfriend is Jewish. He isn't a practicing Jew though. He eats bacon and doesn't celebrate the high holy days. We have talked about kids and he wants to raise them Jewish which I am totally okay with. I explained to him though that our kids will most likely have to experience some form of Christmas though since my parents will want to get them gifts. He said he was okay with that.
The real issue though is recently he has been wanting me to start going to temple or at least expects me to start going when we have kids. I asked why and he mentioned how its good for the kids to see both parents going or they may get confused. (this man hasn't been to temple in nearly a decade) I told him I didn't see a point in me going to temple if I don't believe in any of it. I told him I am fully okay if the kids are raised Jewish but I wasn't expecting that I would have to take on the role of a Jewish woman as well. It should be noted that this man has openly told me his dislike for other Jews and that one of the reasons he dated me was because I wasn't jewish. He had zero interest in dating any Jewish girls (much to his parents dismay) because he said he didn't like the way they acted. Now for the kids he wants me to become one.
I need to tell him I'm Pagan but am unsure how to approach the topic honestly. I feel like he is going to have a negative reaction to this. He is overall an amazing partner and I know I should have told him sooner but with how he has been acting about essentially converting me, well I'm hesitant. I dont want this relationship to go down the drain over something like this. Any advice would be amazing.
submitted by Unknown-Language-94 to pagan [link] [comments]

2020.10.06 02:47 Unknown-Language-94 How do I tell my boyfriend (27m) that I'm (26f) Pagan?

So my boyfriend and I have been dating for almost 6 years. We met in college and have talked about marriage and kids. We've had almost all the hard conversations except for one. My religion. When we met he knew I was raised Christian but also knew that I had left the Christian church when I was 13. I never felt Christian but was just going along with it since it was important to my parents until middle school when I was given the option to no longer attend. Around 18 I found Norse Paganism and everything just clicked. (I'm Irish/German and my heritage has always been important to me) Now I've been practicing for nearly 8 years.
I never shared this part of myself except with a close friend or other Pagans though. Living in the South you can face a lot of discrimination if you are not Christian. (I've had a few scary encounters myself when I was caught wearing my pentacle) This is a part of myself that I love but also a part of myself I hold very personal so I don't feel the need to share it. The thing is my boyfriend is Jewish. He isn't a practicing Jew though. He eats bacon and doesn't celebrate the high holy days. We have talked about kids and he wants to raise them Jewish which I am totally okay with. I explained to him though that our kids will most likely have to experience some form of Christmas though since my parents will want to get them gifts. He said he was okay with that.
The real issue though is recently he has been wanting me to start going to temple or at least expects me to start going when we have kids. I asked why and he mentioned how its good for the kids to see both parents going or they may get confused. (this man hasn't been to temple in nearly a decade) I told him I didn't see a point in me going to temple if I don't believe in any of it. I told him I am fully okay if the kids are raised Jewish but I wasn't expecting that I would have to take on the role of a Jewish woman as well. It should be noted that this man has openly told me his dislike for other Jews and that one of the reasons he dated me was because I wasn't jewish. He had zero interest in dating any Jewish girls (much to his parents dismay) because he said he didn't like the way they acted. Now for the kids he wants me to become one.
I need to tell him I'm Pagan but am unsure how to approach the topic honestly. I feel like he is going to have a negative reaction to this. He is overall an amazing partner and I know I should have told him sooner but with how he has been acting about essentially converting me, well I'm hesitant. I dont want this relationship to go down the drain over something like this. Any advice would be amazing.
submitted by Unknown-Language-94 to relationship_advice [link] [comments]

2020.10.04 05:08 StevenStevens43 The first British martyr

The first British martyr
The Gens Constantinius theory:
In this article i am going to be investigating more contemporary criticisms of Geoffrey of Monmouth's history, who up until now, i have actually found to be amazingly accurate, when compaired to actual contemporary accounts.
However the first part of the claims made in quote below, i already covered in the previous article.
So rather than me go over them again, please simply click on the link below this message, and read that article first, then come back and read this one, as i will be continuing where i left off.
The Gens Constantinius theory <<<< Link for article
Asclepiodotus appears in medieval British legend as a native king of Britain. Geoffrey of Monmouth's History of the Kings of Britain (1136) portrays him as a duke of Cornwall who is raised to the kingship in opposition to Allectus, a Roman who oppressed the people of Britain.[4] He defeats and kills Allectus near London, and besieges the rest of his forces in the city. The Romans eventually surrender on condition of safe conduct out of Britain, which Asclepiodotus is willing to grant, but his allies the Venedoti attack them and cut off their heads, which are thrown into the river Gallobroc.[5]
Julius Asclepiodotus:
So i will begin with introducing Julius Asclepiodotus.
Julius Asclepiodotus
Julius Asclepiodotus was a Roman praetorian prefect who, according to the Historia Augusta,[1] served under the emperors Aurelian, Probus and Diocletian,[2] and was consul in 292. In 296 he assisted the western Caesar) Constantius Chlorus in re-establishing Roman rule in Britain, following the illegal rules of Carausius and Allectus.
Persecution of Christians:
Now the first critcism i come across, is that "however" his rule is contemporary with the persecution of Christians under Diocletian.
I actually do not really understand this criticism, but i will attempt to make sense of it by taking a look at Diocletian.
In legend
.[5] Asclepiodotus is then officially crowned king, and rules justly for ten years. However, his rule is contemporary with the persecutions of Christians under Diocletian,
Diocletian (/ˌdaɪ.əˈkliːʃən/; Latin: Gaius Aurelius Valerius Diocletianus; born Diocles; 22 December c. 244 – 3 December 311) was a Roman emperor from 284 to 305.
Link for photo_-_Foto_G._Dall'Orto_28-5-2006.jpg)
Rule of four:
So the first thing i note from above quote, is that Diocletian was a real emperor.
He also reigned from 284 to 305 AD, so if Asclepiodotus began a 10 year reign in 296 AD, then that would have been during the reign of Diocletian.
And i also not from quote below, that Diocletian was the first ever Roman emperor to split the Roman empire in to four quarters, by awarding four Nomarchs to each rule a quarter, under his imperical highship.
So if the scholars and historians are trying to suggest that Asclepiodotus ruling as a client king during the reign of Constantinius, contradicts him ruling contemporary to Diocletian, then it does not.
But i do not actually know what their issue is with Diocletian, as they do not say, and i do not even know, if they know themselves.
Diocletian delegated further on 1 March 293, appointing Galerius and Constantius as Caesars), junior co-emperors, under himself and Maximian respectively. Under this 'tetrarchy', or "rule of four", each emperor would rule over a quarter-division of the empire. Diocletian secured the empire's borders and purged it of all threats to his power.
Link for photo
The four quarters
Great persecution:
And again, in quote below, we see that the great persecution of Christians begins around 302 AD under Diocletian, and this is still during the reign of Asclepiodotus.
Great persecution
Diocletian returned to Antioch in the autumn of 302. He ordered that the deacon Romanus of Caesarea have his tongue removed for defying the order of the courts and interrupting official sacrifices. Romanus was then sent to prison, where he was executed on 17 November 303. Diocletian believed that Romanus of Caesarea was arrogant, and he left the city for Nicomedia in the winter, accompanied by Galerius.[167]
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Martyrs of the Great persecution
Saint Alban:
And apparently, because Geoffrey places the martyrdom of Saint Alban during the same period as this, this just somehow puts the icing on the cake of how unbelievable and ill researched it is.
Though, they do not explain how or why.
In legend
and Geoffrey places the martyrdom of Saint Alban at this time.
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Saint Alban
Saint Alban:
So let us see if looking in to Saint Alban can shed some light.
But the first thing i notice from below, is that contemporary historians and scholars do not actually have a precise date for the martyrdom of St Alban, who is believed to be the first british christian martyr, though they estimate it sometime around 3rd or 4th Century, which does not contradict the period of Asclepiodotus's reign.
Saint Alban
Saint Alban (/ˈɔːlbən, ˈæl-/; Latin: Albanus) is venerated as the first-recorded British) Christian martyr,[1] for which reason he is considered to be the British protomartyr. Along with fellow Saints Julius and Aaron, Alban is one of three named martyrs recorded at an early date from Roman Britain ("Amphibalus" was the name given much later to the priest he was said to have been protecting). He is traditionally believed to have been beheaded in the Roman city of Verulamium (modern St Albans) sometime during the 3rd or 4th century, and his cult has been celebrated there since ancient times.
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Martyrdom of Saint Alban
I think i know what their issue might be.
It is perhaps because Constantinius was himself rumoured to have been a Christian.
He was also married to Saint Helena for a period.
Therefore it is unlikely there would have been any martyrdoms committed in Britain whilst Constantinius was in charge.
Helena, Helena Augusta, or Saint Helena (/ˈhɛlənə/; Greek: Ἁγία Ἑλένη, Hagía Helénē; Latin: Flavia Iulia Helena Augusta; c. 246/248 AD – c. 330 AD), was an Empress) of the Roman Empire, and mother of Emperor Constantine the Great. Born outside of the noble classes,[1]#cite_note-Valesiani-2) a Greek, possibly in the Greek city of Drepana, Bithynia in Asia Minor, she became the consort of the future Roman Emperor Constantius Chlorus and the mother of the future Emperor Constantine the Great.
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Saint Helena
Divorced Helena:
However, Constantinius did divorce Helena for "political" reasons.
In 289 political developments forced him to divorce Helena). He married Theodora, Maximian's daughter. They had six children:[13]
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Constantinius and Helena
Constantine left most of the persecuting to Galerius.
Though Constantinius himself did destroy a few churches and carried out a few persecutions, however much unwillingly.
Elevation to Caesar
From 303 – the beginning of the Diocletianic Persecution – Constantius began to enforce the imperial edicts dealing with the persecution of Christians, which ordered the destruction of churches).[11] The campaign was avidly pursued by Galerius, who noticed that Constantius was well-disposed towards the Christians, and who saw it as a method of advancing his career prospects with the aging Diocletian.[37] Of the four Tetrarchs, Constantius made the least effort to implement the decrees in the western provinces that were under his direct authority,[38] limiting himself to knocking down a handful of churches.[39]
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Perhaps the historians and scholars think it is unbelievable that Asclepiodotus would be successful in massacring Romans?
In legend
The Romans eventually surrender on condition of safe conduct out of Britain, which Asclepiodotus is willing to grant, but his allies the Venedoti attack them and cut off their heads, which are thrown into the river Gallobroc.[5]
Gallic Roman empire:
However the Romans being talked about here, are the remnants of the Gallic Roman empire which dissolved on European mainland in 274 AD, though continued a bit longer in Britain.
The Gallic empire
The Gallic Empire (Latin: Imperium Galliarum)[note 1] or the Gallic Roman Empire are names used in modern historiography for a breakaway part of the Roman Empire that functioned de facto as a separate state from 260 to 274.
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Gallic empire
Perhaps the Venedoti being Allies of Asclepiodotus is unbelievable?
Though i do not see why not.
The region of Vendoti was known as Venedotia to the Latins.
Though it referred to specific area in anglesey which had an Irish colony.
Therefore this Irish tribe were the allies of Asclepiodotus.
Not unbelievable in the slightest.
The region became known as Venedotia in Latin. The name was initially attributed to a specific Irish colony on Anglesey, but broadened to refer to Irish settlers as a whole in North Wales by the 5th century.[13]
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The little island next to Gwynedd
King Coel:
Perhaps King Coel taking his crown in 306 AD is unbelievable?
In legend
Coel, duke of Colchester, leads a revolt against him, kills him, and takes his crown.
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Old king cole
Three Collas:
However, Coel, was likely one of the three Collas that were also high kings of Ireland, prior to their overthrow and exile to Alba.
and as High-King of Ireland for four years, until Fiacha's son Muiredach Tirech banished the Three Collas, exiling them and three hundred followers to Alba (Scotland).
The mother of Three Collas was said to be Ailech, the daughter of Udhaire, king of Alba. According to Keating's version Udhaire put them in command of three hundred warriors.[1]
The chronology of Keating's Foras Feasa ar Éirinn dates Colla Uais' High Kingship to 306–310.
DNA analysis:
DNA analysis has confirmed the Three Collas in fourth Century Ireland.
The three Collas
.[1] Recent DNA analysis confirms the history of the Three Collas in fourth-century Ireland, but questions their descent from Eochaid Doimlén and Cairbre Lifechair.
I think it would actually be dishonest to suggest that the most likely time for Saint Albans maryrdom would actually not have been during the reign of Asclepiodotus, whos reign was contemporary with the Great persecution.
It would also be dishonest to continue to claim that the three Collas are a figment of Irish peoples imaginations.
Particularly when we have DNA analysis, and also contemporary accounts that the Venedotia were Irish.
I also need to apologise, as i completely failed to work out exactly where contemporary historians and scholars are coming from.
submitted by StevenStevens43 to AhrensburgCulture [link] [comments]